In this paper, a sampling-based Stochastic Model Predictive Control algorithm is proposed for discrete-time linear systems subject to both parametric uncertainties and additive disturbances. One of the main drivers for the development of the proposed control strategy is the need of reliable and robust guidance and control strategies for automated rendezvous and proximity operations between spacecraft. To this end, the proposed control algorithm is validated on a floating spacecraft experimental testbed, proving that this solution is effectively implementable in real time. Parametric uncertainties due to the mass variations during operations, linearization errors, and disturbances due to external space environment are simultaneously considered. The approach enables to suitably tighten the constraints to guarantee robust recursive feasibility when bounds on the uncertain variables are provided. Moreover, the offline sampling approach in the control design phase shifts all the intensive computations to the offline phase, thus greatly reducing the online computational cost, which usually constitutes the main limit for the adoption of Stochastic Model Predictive Control schemes, especially for low-cost on-board hardware. Numerical simulations and experiments show that the approach provides probabilistic guarantees on the success of the mission, even in rather uncertain and noisy situations, while improving the spacecraft performance in terms of fuel consumption.
|Titolo:||An Offline-Sampling SMPC Framework with Application to Autonomous Space Maneuvers|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2019|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TCST.2018.2879938|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|