In safety-critical applications, microcontrollers must satisfy strict quality constraints and performances in terms of Fmax, that is, the maximum operating frequency. It has been demonstrated that data extracted from on-chip speed monitors can model the Fmax of integrated circuits by means of machine learning models, and that those models are suitable for the performance screening process. However, while acquiring data from these monitors is quite an accurate process, the labelling is time-consuming, costly, and may be subject to different measurements errors, impairing the final quality. This paper presents a methodology to cope with anomalous and noisy data in the context of the multi-label regression problem of microcontroller performance screening. We used outlier detection based on Inter Quartile Range (IQR) and Z-score and imputation techniques to detect errors in the labels and to avoid to drop incomplete samples, building higher-quality training set for our models, optimizing the devices characterization phase. Experiments showed that the proposed methodology increases the performance of existing models, making them more robust. These techniques permitted us to use a significantly smaller number of samples (about one third of the devices available for characterization), thus making the costly data acquisition process more efficient.

Microcontroller Performance Screening: Optimizing the Characterization in the Presence of Anomalous and Noisy Data / Bellarmino, Nicolo'; Cantoro, Riccardo; Huch, Martin; Kilian, Tobias; Schlichtmann, Ulf; Squillero, Giovanni. - (2022). ((Intervento presentato al convegno IEEE International Symposium on On-Line Testing and Robust System 2022 tenutosi a Torino nel 12nd - 14th September 2022 [10.1109/IOLTS56730.2022.9897769].

Microcontroller Performance Screening: Optimizing the Characterization in the Presence of Anomalous and Noisy Data

Bellarmino,Nicolo';Cantoro,Riccardo;Squillero,Giovanni
2022

Abstract

In safety-critical applications, microcontrollers must satisfy strict quality constraints and performances in terms of Fmax, that is, the maximum operating frequency. It has been demonstrated that data extracted from on-chip speed monitors can model the Fmax of integrated circuits by means of machine learning models, and that those models are suitable for the performance screening process. However, while acquiring data from these monitors is quite an accurate process, the labelling is time-consuming, costly, and may be subject to different measurements errors, impairing the final quality. This paper presents a methodology to cope with anomalous and noisy data in the context of the multi-label regression problem of microcontroller performance screening. We used outlier detection based on Inter Quartile Range (IQR) and Z-score and imputation techniques to detect errors in the labels and to avoid to drop incomplete samples, building higher-quality training set for our models, optimizing the devices characterization phase. Experiments showed that the proposed methodology increases the performance of existing models, making them more robust. These techniques permitted us to use a significantly smaller number of samples (about one third of the devices available for characterization), thus making the costly data acquisition process more efficient.
978-1-6654-7355-2
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11583/2971082