Purpose Postural reactions (PR) of standing subjects have been mostly investigated in response to platform displacements or body perturbations of fixed magnitude. The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between PR and the peak force and impulse of the perturbation. Methods In ten healthy young men, standing balance was challenged by anteriorly directed perturbations (peak force: 20–60 N) delivered to the back, at the lumbar (L) or inter-scapular (IS) level, by means of a manual perturbator equipped with a force sensor. Postural reactions as expressed by the displacement of the center of pressure (CoP) were recorded using a force platform. Two sets of 20 randomly ordered perturbations (10 to each site) were delivered in two separate testing sessions. Results The magnitude of CoP response (∆CoP) was better correlated with the impulse (I) than with the peak force of the perturbation. The normalized response, ∆CoPn = ∆CoP/I, exhibited good reliability (ICCs of 0.93 for IS and 0.82 for L), was higher with IS than with L perturbations (p < 0.01), and was significantly correlated with the latency of CoP response: r = 0.69 and 0.71 for IS and L, respectively. Conclusion These preliminary findings support the concept that manually delivered perturbations can be used to reliably assess individual PR and that ∆CoPn may effectively express a relevant aspect of postural control.

Linearity and repeatability of postural responses in relation to peak force and impulse of manually delivered perturbations: a preliminary study / Dvir, Zeevi; Paterna, Maria; Quargnenti, Martina; De Benedictis, Carlo; Maffiodo, Daniela; Franco, Walter; Ferraresi, Carlo; Manca, Andrea; Deriu, Franca; Roatta, Silvestro. - In: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSIOLOGY. - ISSN 1439-6319. - ELETTRONICO. - 120:(2020), pp. 1319-1330. [10.1007/s00421-020-04364-y]

Linearity and repeatability of postural responses in relation to peak force and impulse of manually delivered perturbations: a preliminary study

Paterna, Maria;De Benedictis, Carlo;Maffiodo, Daniela;Franco, Walter;Ferraresi, Carlo;
2020

Abstract

Purpose Postural reactions (PR) of standing subjects have been mostly investigated in response to platform displacements or body perturbations of fixed magnitude. The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between PR and the peak force and impulse of the perturbation. Methods In ten healthy young men, standing balance was challenged by anteriorly directed perturbations (peak force: 20–60 N) delivered to the back, at the lumbar (L) or inter-scapular (IS) level, by means of a manual perturbator equipped with a force sensor. Postural reactions as expressed by the displacement of the center of pressure (CoP) were recorded using a force platform. Two sets of 20 randomly ordered perturbations (10 to each site) were delivered in two separate testing sessions. Results The magnitude of CoP response (∆CoP) was better correlated with the impulse (I) than with the peak force of the perturbation. The normalized response, ∆CoPn = ∆CoP/I, exhibited good reliability (ICCs of 0.93 for IS and 0.82 for L), was higher with IS than with L perturbations (p < 0.01), and was significantly correlated with the latency of CoP response: r = 0.69 and 0.71 for IS and L, respectively. Conclusion These preliminary findings support the concept that manually delivered perturbations can be used to reliably assess individual PR and that ∆CoPn may effectively express a relevant aspect of postural control.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11583/2828974