Biochemical systems that express certain chemical species of interest at the same level at any positive steady state are called 'absolute concentration robust' (ACR). These species behave in a stable, predictable way, in the sense that their expression is robust with respect to sudden changes in the species concentration, provided that the system reaches a (potentially new) positive steady state. Such a property has been proven to be of importance in certain gene regulatory networks and signaling systems. In the present paper, we mathematically prove that a well-known class of ACR systems studied by Shinar and Feinberg in 2010 hides an internal integral structure. This structure confers these systems with a higher degree of robustness than was previously known. In particular, disturbances much more general than sudden changes in the species concentrations can be rejected, and robust perfect adaptation is achieved. Significantly, we show that these properties are maintained when the system is interconnected with other chemical reaction networks. This key feature enables the design of insulator devices that are able to buffer the loading effect from downstream systems - a crucial requirement for modular circuit design in synthetic biology. We further note that while the best performance of the insulators are achieved when these act at a faster timescale than the upstream module (as typically required), it is not necessary for them to act on a faster timescale than the downstream module in our construction.

A hidden integral structure endows absolute concentration robust systems with resilience to dynamical concentration disturbances: A hidden integral structure endows absolute concentration robust systems with resilience to dynamical concentration disturbances / Cappelletti, D.; Gupta, A.; Khammash, M.. - In: JOURNAL OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY INTERFACE. - ISSN 1742-5689. - STAMPA. - 17:171(2020). [10.1098/rsif.2020.0437rsif20200437]

A hidden integral structure endows absolute concentration robust systems with resilience to dynamical concentration disturbances: A hidden integral structure endows absolute concentration robust systems with resilience to dynamical concentration disturbances

Cappelletti D.;
2020

Abstract

Biochemical systems that express certain chemical species of interest at the same level at any positive steady state are called 'absolute concentration robust' (ACR). These species behave in a stable, predictable way, in the sense that their expression is robust with respect to sudden changes in the species concentration, provided that the system reaches a (potentially new) positive steady state. Such a property has been proven to be of importance in certain gene regulatory networks and signaling systems. In the present paper, we mathematically prove that a well-known class of ACR systems studied by Shinar and Feinberg in 2010 hides an internal integral structure. This structure confers these systems with a higher degree of robustness than was previously known. In particular, disturbances much more general than sudden changes in the species concentrations can be rejected, and robust perfect adaptation is achieved. Significantly, we show that these properties are maintained when the system is interconnected with other chemical reaction networks. This key feature enables the design of insulator devices that are able to buffer the loading effect from downstream systems - a crucial requirement for modular circuit design in synthetic biology. We further note that while the best performance of the insulators are achieved when these act at a faster timescale than the upstream module (as typically required), it is not necessary for them to act on a faster timescale than the downstream module in our construction.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11583/2857270