In structural engineering beams with non-constant cross-section or beams with variable cross-section represent a class of slender bodies, aim of practitioners' interest due to the possibility of optimizing their geometry with respect to specific needs. Despite the advantages that engineers can obtain from their applications, non-trivial difficulties occurring in the non-prismatic beam modeling often lead to inaccurate predictions that vanish the gain of the optimization process. As a consequence, an effective non-prismatic beam modeling still represents a branch of the structural engineering of interest for the community, especially for advanced design applications in large spans elements. A straight beam of length l with variable inertia J(z) is provided in figure, subject to a generic live load condition q(z). The vertical displacement y(z) can be obtained from the solution of the differential equation of the elastic line, i.e., taking into consideration the inertia variability and neglecting, as first approximation, any shear contribution. Even if this solution is an approximate one, it is able to deal with the problem in its basic formulation. In this paper a solution for the problem stated is formulated using a series expansion of solutions, in a general load and cross section variability condition. Solution is thus obtained for a generic rectangular cross section beam with a variable height. Analytical solution is presented and evaluated using numerical evaluation of some cases of practical interest.

Series solution of beams with variable cross-section / De Biagi, V.; Chiaia, B.; Marano, G. C.; Fiore, A.; Greco, R.; Sardone, L.; Cucuzza, R.; Cascella, G. L.; Spinelli, M.; Lagaros, N. D.. - In: PROCEDIA MANUFACTURING. - ISSN 2351-9789. - 44:(2020), pp. 489-496. [10.1016/j.promfg.2020.02.265]

### Series solution of beams with variable cross-section

#### Abstract

In structural engineering beams with non-constant cross-section or beams with variable cross-section represent a class of slender bodies, aim of practitioners' interest due to the possibility of optimizing their geometry with respect to specific needs. Despite the advantages that engineers can obtain from their applications, non-trivial difficulties occurring in the non-prismatic beam modeling often lead to inaccurate predictions that vanish the gain of the optimization process. As a consequence, an effective non-prismatic beam modeling still represents a branch of the structural engineering of interest for the community, especially for advanced design applications in large spans elements. A straight beam of length l with variable inertia J(z) is provided in figure, subject to a generic live load condition q(z). The vertical displacement y(z) can be obtained from the solution of the differential equation of the elastic line, i.e., taking into consideration the inertia variability and neglecting, as first approximation, any shear contribution. Even if this solution is an approximate one, it is able to deal with the problem in its basic formulation. In this paper a solution for the problem stated is formulated using a series expansion of solutions, in a general load and cross section variability condition. Solution is thus obtained for a generic rectangular cross section beam with a variable height. Analytical solution is presented and evaluated using numerical evaluation of some cases of practical interest.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: `https://hdl.handle.net/11583/2851470`