One of the key functionalities required by an Active Debris Removal mission is the assessment of the target kinematics and inertial properties. Passive sensors, such as stereo cameras, are often included in the onboard instrumentation of a chaser spacecraft for capturing sequential photographs and for tracking features of the target surface. A plenty of methods, based on Kalman filtering, are available for the estimation of the target’s state from feature positions; however, to guarantee the filter convergence, they typically require continuity of measurements and the capability of tracking a fixed set of pre-defined features of the object. These requirements clash with the actual tracking conditions: failures in feature detection often occur and the assumption of having some a-priori knowledge about the shape of the target could be restrictive in certain cases. The aim of the presented work is to propose a fault-tolerant alternative method for estimating the angular velocity and the relative magnitudes of the principal moments of inertia of the target. Raw data regarding the positions of the tracked features are processed to evaluate corrupted values of a 3-dimentional parameter which entirely describes the finite screw motion of the debris and which primarily is invariant on the particular set of considered features of the object. Missing values of the parameter are completely restored exploiting the typical periodicity of the rotational motion of an uncontrolled satellite: compressed sensing techniques, typically adopted for recovering images or for prognostic applications, are herein used in a completely original fashion for retrieving a kinematic signal that appears sparse in the frequency domain. Due to its invariance about the features, no assumptions are needed about the target’s shape and continuity of the tracking. The obtained signal is useful for the indirect evaluation of an attitude signal that feeds an unscented Kalman filter for the estimation of the global rotational state of the target. The results of the computer simulations showed a good robustness of the method and its potential applicability for general motion conditions of the target.
Fault-tolerant feature-based estimation of space debris rotational motion during active removal missions / Biondi, Gabriele; Mauro, Stefano; Pastorelli, Stefano; Sorli, Massimo. - In: ACTA ASTRONAUTICA. - ISSN 0094-5765. - 146:(2018), pp. 332-338. [10.1016/j.actaastro.2018.01.029]
|Titolo:||Fault-tolerant feature-based estimation of space debris rotational motion during active removal missions|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2018|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actaastro.2018.01.029|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|
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