This paper proposes a high-order two-dimensional (2D) finite element model for the analysis of isotropic, nearly incompressible hyperelastic material structures based on a decoupled Neo–Hookean strain energy function. The model is based on the Carrera Unified Formulation (CUF), which allows to automatically implement different kinematics by using an opportune recursive notation. The principle of virtual work and a finite element approximation are exploited to obtain the nonlinear governing equations. Considering the three-dimensional full Green–Lagrange strain components and given the material Jacobian tensor, the explicit forms of tangent stiffness matrices of unified plate elements are presented in terms of the fundamental nuclei, which are independent of the theory approximation order. Several problems of soft material plates under uniform pressure are investigated, including a silicone rubber clamped plate and a simply supported plate made of biological material. The proposed model is compared with literature results including those coming from experiments and numerical solutions. The numerical investigation demonstrated the validity and accuracy of the proposed methodology for the analysis of hyperelastic plates.

Unified plate finite elements for the large strain analysis of hyperelastic material structures / Augello, R.; Carrera, E.; Filippi, M.; Pagani, A.; Tortorelli, E.. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF NON-LINEAR MECHANICS. - ISSN 0020-7462. - 155:(2023). [10.1016/j.ijnonlinmec.2023.104465]

### Unified plate finite elements for the large strain analysis of hyperelastic material structures

#### Abstract

This paper proposes a high-order two-dimensional (2D) finite element model for the analysis of isotropic, nearly incompressible hyperelastic material structures based on a decoupled Neo–Hookean strain energy function. The model is based on the Carrera Unified Formulation (CUF), which allows to automatically implement different kinematics by using an opportune recursive notation. The principle of virtual work and a finite element approximation are exploited to obtain the nonlinear governing equations. Considering the three-dimensional full Green–Lagrange strain components and given the material Jacobian tensor, the explicit forms of tangent stiffness matrices of unified plate elements are presented in terms of the fundamental nuclei, which are independent of the theory approximation order. Several problems of soft material plates under uniform pressure are investigated, including a silicone rubber clamped plate and a simply supported plate made of biological material. The proposed model is compared with literature results including those coming from experiments and numerical solutions. The numerical investigation demonstrated the validity and accuracy of the proposed methodology for the analysis of hyperelastic plates.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: `https://hdl.handle.net/11583/2980312`