The electrocatalytic reduction of CO2 into useful fuels, exploiting rationally designed, inexpensive, active, and selective catalysts, produced through easy, quick, and scalable routes, represents a promising approach to face today’s climate challenges and energy crisis. This work presents a facile strategy for the preparation of doped SnO2 as an efficient electrocatalyst for the CO2 reduction reaction to formic acid and carbon monoxide. Zn or Ti doping was introduced into a mesoporous SnO2 matrix via wet impregnation and atomic layer deposition. It was found that doping of SnO2 generates an increased amount of oxygen vacancies, which are believed to contribute to the CO2 conversion efficiency, and among others, Zn wet impregnation resulted the most efficient process, as confirmed by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy analysis. Electrochemical characterization and active surface area evaluation show an increase of availability of surface active sites. In particular, the introduction of Zn elemental doping results in enhanced performance for formic acid formation, in comparison to un-doped SnO2 and other doped SnO2 catalysts. At -0.99 V versus reversible hydrogen electrode, the total faradaic efficiency for CO2 conversion reaches 80%, while the partial current density is 10.3 mA cm-2. These represent a 10% and a threefold increases for faradaic efficiency and current density, respectively, with respect to the reference un-doped sample. The enhancement of these characteristics relates to the improved charge transfer and conductivity with respect to bare SnO2.
Zn- and Ti-doped SnO2 for enhanced electroreduction of carbon dioxide / Bejtka, K.; Monti, N. B. D.; Sacco, A.; Castellino, M.; Porro, S.; Farkhondehfal, M. A.; Zeng, J.; Pirri, C. F.; Chiodoni, A.. - In: MATERIALS. - ISSN 1996-1944. - ELETTRONICO. - 14:9(2021), p. 2354. [10.3390/ma14092354]
|Titolo:||Zn- and Ti-doped SnO2 for enhanced electroreduction of carbon dioxide|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2021|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ma14092354|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|
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