Additive manufacturing (AM) processes allow complex geometries to be produced with enhanced functionality, but technological challenges still have to be dealt with, in terms of surface finish and achieved tolerances. Among the consolidated powder-bed fusion processes, electron beam melting (EBM), which allows almost stress-free parts to be manufactured with a high productivity and minimum use of support structures, suffers from a poor surface quality. Thus, finishing processes have to be performed. The same geometrical complexity, which is considered one of the benefits of AM, becomes an issue when finishing is applied, in particular when internal features are present. Unconventional isotropic superfinishing processes could be a solution to this problem since they can generate a low surface roughness on complex geometries. However, the performance characteristics, with regard to the environmental sustainability and economic aspects, need to be evaluated since they are key factors that must be considered for decision-support tools when selecting a finishing process. The technological feasibility of the isotropic superfinishing (ISF) process, applied to Ti-6Al-4V parts produced by electron beam melting, is investigated in this paper by considering the dimensional and geometrical deviations induced by the finishing treatment, and from observations of the surface morphology. A significant reduction in surface roughness, Sa, to around 4 μm, has been observed on the most irregular surfaces, although the original shape is maintained. Environmental sustainability has been analyzed for all the manufacturing steps, from powder production to part fabrication, to the finishing process, and both the cumulative energy demand and material waste have been accounted for. The economic impact of the whole manufacturing chain has been evaluated, and the advantages of the ISF process are pointed out.
The technology, economy, and environmental sustainability of isotropic superfinishing applied to electron-beam melted Ti-6Al-4V components / Atzeni, E.; Catalano, A. R.; Priarone, P. C.; Salmi, A.. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL, ADVANCED MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY. - ISSN 0268-3768. - ELETTRONICO. - (2021). [10.1007/s00170-021-07739-3]
|Titolo:||The technology, economy, and environmental sustainability of isotropic superfinishing applied to electron-beam melted Ti-6Al-4V components|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2021|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00170-021-07739-3|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|
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