In the context of Industry 4.0, metal Additive Manufacturing (AM) is considered a promising technology for medical, aerospace and automotive fields. However, the lack of assurance of the quality of the printed parts can be an obstacle for a larger diffusion in industry. To this date, AM is most of the times a trial-and-error process, where the faulty artefacts are detected only after the end of part production. This impacts on the processing time and overall costs of the process. A possible solution to this problem is the in-situ monitoring and detection of defects, taking advantage of the layer-by-layer nature of the build. In this paper, we describe a system for in-situ defects monitoring and detection for metal Powder Bed Fusion (PBF), that leverages an off-axis camera mounted on top of the machine. A set of fully automated algorithms based on Computer Vision and Machine Learning allow the timely detection of a number of powder bed defects and the monitoring of the object's profile for the entire duration of the build.

Image analytics and machine learning for in-situ defects detection in Additive Manufacturing / Cannizzaro, Davide; Giuseppe Varrella, Antonio; Paradiso, Stefano; Sampieri, Roberta; Macii, Enrico; Patti, Edoardo; Di Cataldo, Santa. - (2021), pp. 603-608. ((Intervento presentato al convegno 2021 Design, Automation and Test in Europe Conference and Exhibition (DATE 2021) tenutosi a Virtual Conference (due to Covid-19) nel 2021 [10.23919/DATE51398.2021.9474175].

Image analytics and machine learning for in-situ defects detection in Additive Manufacturing

Davide Cannizzaro;Enrico MacIi;Edoardo Patti;Santa Di Cataldo
2021

Abstract

In the context of Industry 4.0, metal Additive Manufacturing (AM) is considered a promising technology for medical, aerospace and automotive fields. However, the lack of assurance of the quality of the printed parts can be an obstacle for a larger diffusion in industry. To this date, AM is most of the times a trial-and-error process, where the faulty artefacts are detected only after the end of part production. This impacts on the processing time and overall costs of the process. A possible solution to this problem is the in-situ monitoring and detection of defects, taking advantage of the layer-by-layer nature of the build. In this paper, we describe a system for in-situ defects monitoring and detection for metal Powder Bed Fusion (PBF), that leverages an off-axis camera mounted on top of the machine. A set of fully automated algorithms based on Computer Vision and Machine Learning allow the timely detection of a number of powder bed defects and the monitoring of the object's profile for the entire duration of the build.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11583/2918890