To face the huge increase in the mobile traffic demand, denser cellular access networks are extensively deployed by mobile operators, entailing high cost for energy supply. Hence, renewable energy (RE) sources are often adopted to power base stations (BSs), in order to make them more self-sufficient and reduce the energy bill. Nevertheless, sizing an RE generation system is a critical task, and the dimensioning methods available in the literature are based on simulation or optimization approaches, hence resulting time consuming or computationally complex. This paper proposes and validates a simple still effective analytical method that, based on the location dependent mean value and variance of RE production, allows to find feasible combinations of photovoltaic (PV) panel and battery sizes, suitable to power a BS and decrease the storage depletion probability below a target threshold. Furthermore, the application of this method highlights the role of RE production variance. Higher values of the variance require larger PV panels, almost doubled with respect to locations with low variance. However, only locations with higher variance benefit from increasing the battery size and relaxing the constraint on energy self-sufficiency, with the scope of reducing the required PV panel capacity and the capital expenditures.
Dimensioning Renewable Energy Systems to Power Mobile Networks / Renga, D.; Meo, M.. - In: IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GREEN COMMUNICATIONS AND NETWORKING. - ISSN 2473-2400. - 3:2(2019), pp. 366-380.
|Titolo:||Dimensioning Renewable Energy Systems to Power Mobile Networks|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2019|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TGCN.2019.2892200|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|