Liver metastases (mts) from colorectal cancer (CRC) can have different responses to chemotherapy in the same patient. The aim of this study is to develop and validate a machine learning algorithm to predict response of individual liver mts. 22 radiomic features (RF) were computed on pretreatment portal CT scans following a manual segmentation of mts. RFs were extracted from 7x7 Region of Interests (ROIs) that moved across the image by step of 2 pixels. Liver mts were classified as non-responder (R-) if their largest diameter increased more than 3 mm after 3 months of treatment and responder (R+), otherwise. Features selection (FS) was performed by a genetic algorithm and classification by a Support Vector Machine (SVM) classifier. Sensitivity, specificity, negative (NPV) and positive (PPV) predictive values were evaluated for all lesions in the training and validation sets, separately. On the training set, we obtained sensitivity of 86%, specificity of 67%, PPV of 89% and NPV of 61%, while, on the validation set, we reached a sensitivity of 73%, specificity of 47%, PPV of 64% and NPV of 57%. Specificity was biased by the low number of R- lesions on the validation set. The promising results obtained in the validation dataset should be extended to a larger cohort of patient to further validate our method.Clinical Relevance— to personalize treatment of patients with metastastic colorectal cancer, based on the likelihood of response to chemotherapy of each liver metastasis.

An innovative radiomics approach to predict response to chemotherapy of liver metastases based on CT images / Giannini, Valentina; Defeudis, Arianna; Rosati, Samanta; Cappello, Giovanni; Mazzetti, Simone; Panic, Jovana; Regge, Daniele; Balestra, Gabriella. - ELETTRONICO. - (2020), pp. 1339-1342. ((Intervento presentato al convegno 2020 42nd Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine & Biology Society (EMBC) tenutosi a Montreal, QC, Canada nel 20-24 July 2020 [10.1109/EMBC44109.2020.9176627].

An innovative radiomics approach to predict response to chemotherapy of liver metastases based on CT images

Giannini, Valentina;Rosati, Samanta;Panic, Jovana;Balestra, Gabriella
2020

Abstract

Liver metastases (mts) from colorectal cancer (CRC) can have different responses to chemotherapy in the same patient. The aim of this study is to develop and validate a machine learning algorithm to predict response of individual liver mts. 22 radiomic features (RF) were computed on pretreatment portal CT scans following a manual segmentation of mts. RFs were extracted from 7x7 Region of Interests (ROIs) that moved across the image by step of 2 pixels. Liver mts were classified as non-responder (R-) if their largest diameter increased more than 3 mm after 3 months of treatment and responder (R+), otherwise. Features selection (FS) was performed by a genetic algorithm and classification by a Support Vector Machine (SVM) classifier. Sensitivity, specificity, negative (NPV) and positive (PPV) predictive values were evaluated for all lesions in the training and validation sets, separately. On the training set, we obtained sensitivity of 86%, specificity of 67%, PPV of 89% and NPV of 61%, while, on the validation set, we reached a sensitivity of 73%, specificity of 47%, PPV of 64% and NPV of 57%. Specificity was biased by the low number of R- lesions on the validation set. The promising results obtained in the validation dataset should be extended to a larger cohort of patient to further validate our method.Clinical Relevance— to personalize treatment of patients with metastastic colorectal cancer, based on the likelihood of response to chemotherapy of each liver metastasis.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11583/2844436