Characterization and understanding of fluid flow phenomena in un-derground porous media at the micro and macro scales is fundamental in reser-voir engineering for the definition of the optimal reservoir exploitation strategy. Laboratory analyses on rock cores provide fundamental macroscale parameters such as porosity, absolute and relative permeability and capillary pressure curves. In turn, macroscale parameters as well as flow behavior, are strongly af-fected by the micro geometrical features of the rock, such as pore structure, tor-tuosity and pore size distribution. Therefore, a thorough comprehension of sin-gle and multiphase flow phenomena requires analyses, observations and charac-terization at the micro scale. In this paper we focus on the analysis of a 2D bina-ry image of a real rock thin section to characterize the pore network geometry and to estimate tortuosity, effective porosity and pore size distribution. To this end, a geometrical analysis of the pore structure, based on the identification and characterization of the set of the shortest geometrical pathways between inlets and outlets pairs, is implemented. The geometrical analysis is based on the A* path-finding algorithm derived from graph theory. The results provided by the geometrical analysis are validated against hydrodynamic numerical simulation via the Lattice Boltzmann Method (LBM), which is well suited for simulating fluid flow at the pore-scale in complex geometries. The selected rock for this analysis is Berea sandstone, which is recognized as a standard rock for various applications such as core analysis and flooding experiment. Results show that the path-finding approach provides reasonable and reliable estimates of tortuos-ity and can be successfully applied for analyzing the distribution of effective pore radius, as well as for estimating the effective porosity.

Application of A* algorithm for tortuosity and effective porosity estimation of 2D rock images / Panini, Filippo; SALINA BORELLO, Eloisa; Peter, Costanzo; Viberti, Dario. - ELETTRONICO. - (2022), pp. 519-530. ((Intervento presentato al convegno 48th International Summer School-Conference "Advanced Problems in Mechanics" APM 2020 tenutosi a St. Petersburg, Russia - ONLINE nel June 21-26, 2020 [10.1007/978-3-030-92144-6_39].

Application of A* algorithm for tortuosity and effective porosity estimation of 2D rock images

Filippo Panini;Eloisa Salina Borello;Costanzo Peter;Dario Viberti
2022

Abstract

Characterization and understanding of fluid flow phenomena in un-derground porous media at the micro and macro scales is fundamental in reser-voir engineering for the definition of the optimal reservoir exploitation strategy. Laboratory analyses on rock cores provide fundamental macroscale parameters such as porosity, absolute and relative permeability and capillary pressure curves. In turn, macroscale parameters as well as flow behavior, are strongly af-fected by the micro geometrical features of the rock, such as pore structure, tor-tuosity and pore size distribution. Therefore, a thorough comprehension of sin-gle and multiphase flow phenomena requires analyses, observations and charac-terization at the micro scale. In this paper we focus on the analysis of a 2D bina-ry image of a real rock thin section to characterize the pore network geometry and to estimate tortuosity, effective porosity and pore size distribution. To this end, a geometrical analysis of the pore structure, based on the identification and characterization of the set of the shortest geometrical pathways between inlets and outlets pairs, is implemented. The geometrical analysis is based on the A* path-finding algorithm derived from graph theory. The results provided by the geometrical analysis are validated against hydrodynamic numerical simulation via the Lattice Boltzmann Method (LBM), which is well suited for simulating fluid flow at the pore-scale in complex geometries. The selected rock for this analysis is Berea sandstone, which is recognized as a standard rock for various applications such as core analysis and flooding experiment. Results show that the path-finding approach provides reasonable and reliable estimates of tortuos-ity and can be successfully applied for analyzing the distribution of effective pore radius, as well as for estimating the effective porosity.
978-3-030-92144-6
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11583/2841148