Improvements on electronic technology in recent years have allowed the application of digital techniques in phase noise metrology, where low noise and high accuracy are required, yielding flexibility in system implementation and setup. This results in measurement systems with extended capabilities, additional functionalities, and ease of use. In most digital schemes, the Analog to Digital Converters (ADCs) set the ultimate performance of the system; therefore the proper selection of this component is a critical issue. Currently, the information available in the literature describes in depth the ADC features only at frequency offsets far from the carrier. However, the performance close to the carrier is a more important concern. As a consequence, the ADC noise is, in general, analyzed on the implemented phase measurement setup. We propose a noise model for ADCs and a method to estimate its parameters. The method retrieves the phase modulation and amplitude modulation noise by sampling around zero and maximum amplitude, a test sine-wave synchronous with the ADC clock. The model allows discriminating the ADC noise sources and obtaining the phase noise and amplitude noise power spectral densities from 10 Hz to one half of the sampling frequency. This approach reduces the data processing, allowing an efficient ADC evaluation in terms of hardware complexity and computational cost.
|Titolo:||Noise characterization of analog to digital converters for amplitude and phase noise measurements|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2017|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1063/1.4984948|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|