Posynomials are nonnegative combinations of monomials with possibly fractional and both positive and negative exponents. Posynomial models are widely used in various engineering design endeavors, such as circuits, aerospace and structural design, mainly due to the fact that design problems cast in terms of posynomial objectives and constraints can be solved efficiently by means of a convex optimization technique known as geometric programming (GP). However, while quite a vast literature exists on GP-based design, very few contributions can yet be found on the problem of identifying posynomial models from experimental data. Posynomial identification amounts to determining not only the coefficients of the combination, but also the exponents in the monomials, which renders the identification problem hard. In this paper, we propose an approach to the identification of multivariate posynomial models based on the expansion on a given large-scale basis of monomials. The model is then identified by seeking coefficients of the combination that minimize a mixed objective, composed by a term representing the fitting error and a term inducing sparsity in the representation, which results in a problem formulation of the “square-root LASSO” type, with nonnegativity constraints on the variables. We propose to solve the problem via a sequential coordinate-minimization scheme, which is suitable for large-scale implementations. A numerical example is finally presented, dealing with the identification of a posynomial model for a NACA 4412 airfoil.
Sparse identification of posynomial models / Calafiore, Giuseppe C.; El Ghaoui, Laurent M.; Novara, Carlo. - In: AUTOMATICA. - ISSN 0005-1098. - STAMPA. - 59(2015), pp. 27-34. [10.1016/j.automatica.2015.06.003]
|Titolo:||Sparse identification of posynomial models|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2015|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.automatica.2015.06.003|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|