An approach for the direct design from data of controllers finalized at solving tracking problems for nonlinear Systems is proposed. This approach, called Direct FeedbacK (DFK) design, overcomes relevant problems typical of the standard design methods, such as modeling errors, non-trivial parameter identification, non-convex optimization, and difficulty in nonlinear control design. Considering a Set Membership (SM) approach, three main contributions are provided. The first one is a theoretical framework for the stability analysis of nonlinear feedback control systems, in which the controller is an approximation identified from data of an ideal inverse model. In this framework, we derive sufficient conditions under which the approximate controller stabilizes the closed-loop system. The second contribution is a technique for the direct design of an approximate controller from data, having suitable optimality, stability, and sparsity properties. In particular, this controller is shown to be almost-optimal (in a worst-case sense), and a guaranteed accuracy bound is derived, which can be used to quantify the performance level of the DFK control system. It is also show that, when the number of data used for control design tends to infinity and these data are dense in the controller domain, the closed-loop stability is guaranteed over a set of trajectories of interest. The technique is based on convex optimization and sparse identification methods, and thus avoids the problem of local minima and allows an efficient on-line controller implementation in real-world applications. The third contribution regards the application of DFK to the challenging problem of control design for a class of airborne wind energy generators.
|Titolo:||Direct feedback control design for nonlinear systems|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2013|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.automatica.2013.01.002|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|