Air can be considered as a source of CO2, with concentrations of approximately 408 ppm reported in 2018 and predicted levels expected to reach 600−1550 ppm in 2030. Direct air capture (DAC) from the atmosphere is considered as a CO2 separation technology that can be realized and a source of CO2 exploitable as building block for utilization. The use of solid amines for CO2 adsorption following a two-steps process: the adsorption of CO2 from the direct air and the separation of CO2 from the sorbent. The separation of CO2 from amines is relatively easier than from strong liquid bases as it requires less energy due to the weaker bonds between CO2 and the solid sorbent. The benefit of the DAC technology is that it can be implemented anywhere because of the fast mixing of CO2 in the air. However this technique rely on the preparation of amine sorbed on solid inorganic substrate such as silica substrate and even if durable are quite difficult to regenerate once spent. Our substrate is based on polymerized ionic liquid that use as functional amino acid anions as active sorbent. Ionic liquids (ILs) are organic salts that melts below 100°C been studied as innovative material for CO2 capture. Polymerized ionic liquids (PILs) merge ILs and macromolecules peculiarities resulting in a novel class of material that features high tunability and ionic exchange ability as well as easier handling, processability typical of polymer. PILs have been studied for gas separation and demonstrated, higher CO2 loading than common ILs, as well as faster absorption/desorption rate. However, despite the chemical absorption of CO2 in ILs is a well-established concept divided as capture by chemisorption or by physisorption in PILs the majority of the studies focus on material without CO2 reactive species and no explicit reference to chemical nor physical sorption materials. Different PILs with amino acid anions were developed and tested for CO2 absorption in solid phase. The research on PILs aimed to explore different AA anions as well as different polymeric structures. Ionic exchange procedures were tuned depending on the solubility property of the starting PIL with several AA. All synthetic procedures aimed to avoid toxic and hazardou chemicals. Obtained PILs were identified and were tested for CO2 and water absorption and desorption.

Capture and Separation, the First Step toward Circular Economy; a Regenerable, Bio-Based, Polymerized, Ionic Liquid Membranes / Bocchini, Sergio; Mazzotta, Silvia; Latini, Giulio. - STAMPA. - (2022), pp. 140-140. ((Intervento presentato al convegno New Trends in Polymer Science: Health of the Planet, Healt of the People tenutosi a Torino, Italy nel 25-27 May 2022.

Capture and Separation, the First Step toward Circular Economy; a Regenerable, Bio-Based, Polymerized, Ionic Liquid Membranes

Sergio Bocchini;Giulio Latini
2022

Abstract

Air can be considered as a source of CO2, with concentrations of approximately 408 ppm reported in 2018 and predicted levels expected to reach 600−1550 ppm in 2030. Direct air capture (DAC) from the atmosphere is considered as a CO2 separation technology that can be realized and a source of CO2 exploitable as building block for utilization. The use of solid amines for CO2 adsorption following a two-steps process: the adsorption of CO2 from the direct air and the separation of CO2 from the sorbent. The separation of CO2 from amines is relatively easier than from strong liquid bases as it requires less energy due to the weaker bonds between CO2 and the solid sorbent. The benefit of the DAC technology is that it can be implemented anywhere because of the fast mixing of CO2 in the air. However this technique rely on the preparation of amine sorbed on solid inorganic substrate such as silica substrate and even if durable are quite difficult to regenerate once spent. Our substrate is based on polymerized ionic liquid that use as functional amino acid anions as active sorbent. Ionic liquids (ILs) are organic salts that melts below 100°C been studied as innovative material for CO2 capture. Polymerized ionic liquids (PILs) merge ILs and macromolecules peculiarities resulting in a novel class of material that features high tunability and ionic exchange ability as well as easier handling, processability typical of polymer. PILs have been studied for gas separation and demonstrated, higher CO2 loading than common ILs, as well as faster absorption/desorption rate. However, despite the chemical absorption of CO2 in ILs is a well-established concept divided as capture by chemisorption or by physisorption in PILs the majority of the studies focus on material without CO2 reactive species and no explicit reference to chemical nor physical sorption materials. Different PILs with amino acid anions were developed and tested for CO2 absorption in solid phase. The research on PILs aimed to explore different AA anions as well as different polymeric structures. Ionic exchange procedures were tuned depending on the solubility property of the starting PIL with several AA. All synthetic procedures aimed to avoid toxic and hazardou chemicals. Obtained PILs were identified and were tested for CO2 and water absorption and desorption.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11583/2973580