We consider the problem of the maximum concentration in a fixed measurable subset Ω ⊂ R2d of the time-frequency space for functions f∈ L2(Rd). The notion of concentration can be made mathematically precise by considering the Lp-norm on Ω of some time–frequency distribution of f such as the ambiguity function A(f). We provide a positive answer to an open maximization problem, by showing that for every subset Ω ⊂ R2d of finite measure and every 1 ≤ p< ∞, there exists an optimizer for sup{‖A(f)‖Lp(Ω):f∈L2(Rd),‖f‖L2=1}.The lack of weak upper semicontinuity and the invariance under time-frequency shifts make the problem challenging. The proof is based on concentration compactness with time–frequency shifts as dislocations, and certain integral bounds and asymptotic decoupling estimates for the ambiguity function. We also discuss the case p= ∞ and related optimization problems for the time correlation function, the cross-ambiguity function with a fixed window, and for functions in the modulation spaces Mq(Rd) , 0 < q< 2 , equipped with continuous or discrete-type (quasi-)norms.

On the existence of optimizers for time–frequency concentration problems / Nicola, F.; Romero, J. L.; Trapasso, S. I.. - In: CALCULUS OF VARIATIONS AND PARTIAL DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS. - ISSN 0944-2669. - 62:1(2023). [10.1007/s00526-022-02358-6]

On the existence of optimizers for time–frequency concentration problems

Nicola F.;Trapasso S. I.
2023

Abstract

We consider the problem of the maximum concentration in a fixed measurable subset Ω ⊂ R2d of the time-frequency space for functions f∈ L2(Rd). The notion of concentration can be made mathematically precise by considering the Lp-norm on Ω of some time–frequency distribution of f such as the ambiguity function A(f). We provide a positive answer to an open maximization problem, by showing that for every subset Ω ⊂ R2d of finite measure and every 1 ≤ p< ∞, there exists an optimizer for sup{‖A(f)‖Lp(Ω):f∈L2(Rd),‖f‖L2=1}.The lack of weak upper semicontinuity and the invariance under time-frequency shifts make the problem challenging. The proof is based on concentration compactness with time–frequency shifts as dislocations, and certain integral bounds and asymptotic decoupling estimates for the ambiguity function. We also discuss the case p= ∞ and related optimization problems for the time correlation function, the cross-ambiguity function with a fixed window, and for functions in the modulation spaces Mq(Rd) , 0 < q< 2 , equipped with continuous or discrete-type (quasi-)norms.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11583/2973560