In smart grids, consumers can be involved in demand response programs to reduce the total power consumption of their households during the peak hours of the day. Unfortunately, nowadays, utility companies are facing important challenges in the implementation of demand response programs because of their negative impact on the comfort of end-users. In this paper, we cluster the different operation modes of household appliances based on the analysis of their power signatures. For this purpose, we implement an autoencoder neural network to create a better data representation of the power signatures. Then, we cluster the different operational programs by using a K-means algorithm fitted to the new data representation. To test our methodology, we study the operation modes of some washing machines and dishwashers whose power signatures were derived from both submeters and non-intrusive load monitoring techniques. Our clustering analysis reveals the existence of multiple working programs showing well-defined features in terms of both average energy consumption and duration. Our results can then be used to improve demand response programs by reducing their impact on the comfort of end users. Furthermore, end users can rely on our framework to favor lighter operation modes and reduce their overall energy consumption.

Clustering appliance operation modes with unsupervised deep learning techniques / Castangia, Marco; Barletta, Nicola; Camarda, Christian; Quer, Stefano; Macii, Enrico; Patti, Edoardo. - In: IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INDUSTRIAL INFORMATICS. - ISSN 1941-0050. - (2022). [10.1109/TII.2022.3217495]

Clustering appliance operation modes with unsupervised deep learning techniques

Marco Castangia;Nicola Barletta;Christian Camarda;Stefano Quer;Enrico Macii;Edoardo Patti
2022

Abstract

In smart grids, consumers can be involved in demand response programs to reduce the total power consumption of their households during the peak hours of the day. Unfortunately, nowadays, utility companies are facing important challenges in the implementation of demand response programs because of their negative impact on the comfort of end-users. In this paper, we cluster the different operation modes of household appliances based on the analysis of their power signatures. For this purpose, we implement an autoencoder neural network to create a better data representation of the power signatures. Then, we cluster the different operational programs by using a K-means algorithm fitted to the new data representation. To test our methodology, we study the operation modes of some washing machines and dishwashers whose power signatures were derived from both submeters and non-intrusive load monitoring techniques. Our clustering analysis reveals the existence of multiple working programs showing well-defined features in terms of both average energy consumption and duration. Our results can then be used to improve demand response programs by reducing their impact on the comfort of end users. Furthermore, end users can rely on our framework to favor lighter operation modes and reduce their overall energy consumption.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11583/2972716