Lithium-sulfur (Li-S) battery technology promises much higher energy storage capacity compared to common Li-ion commercial batteries. Li-S batteries have high theoretical capacity of 1672 mAh g-1, thanks to conversion reaction from solid sulfur (S8) to lithium polysulfides (LiPS) [1]. At the same time, sulfur allows for a wide range of operation temperature, being non-toxic abundant and low-cost element. Instead of mentioned advantages, few issues are still hindering the commercialization of Li-S battery. The main problem afflicting lithium sulfur batteries is the shuttle phenomenon, due to soluble long chain lithium polysulfides (LiPSs) generated at the cathode, which are soluble and able to migrate to the anode were they directly react with lithium, by a parasitic passivation reactions [2]. In the last years most interlayer separators are based on materials showing a great physical blocking of PS, like graphene. Unfortunately, many of these materials are still not effective enough in preserving long life performance. Recently was demonstrated that metal sulfides and conductive polymers can directly interact with lithium polysulfides through electrostatic or chemical bonds, inhibiting the dissolution of LiPSs. In particular, MoS2 and PANI separately showed strong adsorption capability, preventing polysulfides dissolution and accelerating the redox reaction kinetics of polysulfides conversion [3][4]. In the present work we rationally designed some binary materials based on PANI and MoS2 at different ratio, with the aim to evaluate the different role of the two components and their synergy as PS blocking agent. By the implementation of a second layer containing the MoS2/PANI composite directly on the top of the standard S/KjB electrode. The systematic study confirms that double-layer containing the composite remarkably improves the performance of the sulfur cathode, showing a final specific capacity close to 600 mAh g-1, 25% higher than the standard sulfur cathode, after 500 cycles [5]. [1] A. N. Mistry and P. P. Mukherjee, J. Phys. Chem. C, 122-42, (2018) 23845–23851. [2] L. Tan, X. Li, Z. Wang, H. Guo, and J. Wang, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces, 10-4, (2018) 3707–3713. [3] Y. Liu, C. Cui, Y. Liu, W. Liu, and J. Wei, RSC Adv, 10-13, (2020) 7384–7395. [4] Y. Yao, H. Zhang, and X. Wang, J. Solid State Electrochem, 23-8, (2019) 2559–2567. [5] D. Versaci, I. Canale, S. Goswami, J. Amici, C. Francia, E. Fortunato, R. Martins, L. Pereira, S. Bodoardo, Journal of Power Sources 521 (2022) 230945.

MoS2/PANI composite as suitable functional interlayer for lithium polysulfides trapping in Li-S batteries / Versaci, Daniele; Canale, Irene; Goswari, Sumita; Amici, JULIA GINETTE NICOLE; Francia, Carlotta; Fortunato, Elvira; Rodrigo, Martins; Pereira, Luis; Bodoardo, Silvia. - ELETTRONICO. - (2022), pp. 1-1. ((Intervento presentato al convegno International Meeting on Lithium Batteries 2022 tenutosi a Virtual meeting nel 26-06-22 01-07-22.

MoS2/PANI composite as suitable functional interlayer for lithium polysulfides trapping in Li-S batteries

Daniele Versaci;Julia Amici;Carlotta Francia;Rodrigo Martins;Silvia Bodoardo
2022

Abstract

Lithium-sulfur (Li-S) battery technology promises much higher energy storage capacity compared to common Li-ion commercial batteries. Li-S batteries have high theoretical capacity of 1672 mAh g-1, thanks to conversion reaction from solid sulfur (S8) to lithium polysulfides (LiPS) [1]. At the same time, sulfur allows for a wide range of operation temperature, being non-toxic abundant and low-cost element. Instead of mentioned advantages, few issues are still hindering the commercialization of Li-S battery. The main problem afflicting lithium sulfur batteries is the shuttle phenomenon, due to soluble long chain lithium polysulfides (LiPSs) generated at the cathode, which are soluble and able to migrate to the anode were they directly react with lithium, by a parasitic passivation reactions [2]. In the last years most interlayer separators are based on materials showing a great physical blocking of PS, like graphene. Unfortunately, many of these materials are still not effective enough in preserving long life performance. Recently was demonstrated that metal sulfides and conductive polymers can directly interact with lithium polysulfides through electrostatic or chemical bonds, inhibiting the dissolution of LiPSs. In particular, MoS2 and PANI separately showed strong adsorption capability, preventing polysulfides dissolution and accelerating the redox reaction kinetics of polysulfides conversion [3][4]. In the present work we rationally designed some binary materials based on PANI and MoS2 at different ratio, with the aim to evaluate the different role of the two components and their synergy as PS blocking agent. By the implementation of a second layer containing the MoS2/PANI composite directly on the top of the standard S/KjB electrode. The systematic study confirms that double-layer containing the composite remarkably improves the performance of the sulfur cathode, showing a final specific capacity close to 600 mAh g-1, 25% higher than the standard sulfur cathode, after 500 cycles [5]. [1] A. N. Mistry and P. P. Mukherjee, J. Phys. Chem. C, 122-42, (2018) 23845–23851. [2] L. Tan, X. Li, Z. Wang, H. Guo, and J. Wang, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces, 10-4, (2018) 3707–3713. [3] Y. Liu, C. Cui, Y. Liu, W. Liu, and J. Wei, RSC Adv, 10-13, (2020) 7384–7395. [4] Y. Yao, H. Zhang, and X. Wang, J. Solid State Electrochem, 23-8, (2019) 2559–2567. [5] D. Versaci, I. Canale, S. Goswami, J. Amici, C. Francia, E. Fortunato, R. Martins, L. Pereira, S. Bodoardo, Journal of Power Sources 521 (2022) 230945.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11583/2971446