Thin films consisting of 17 groups of Hf/In/C multilayers cyclically alternating layers of Hf, In and C each with a thickness of 4-5 nm were synthesized by ion sputtering using a 25 keV Ar+ ion beam with 400 mu A current and targets made of pure hafnium, indium and carbon. The films were subsequently annealed in vacuum at 120 degrees C for 24 hours to induce intermixing of elements phases, their interaction, and formation of the Hf-In-C nanostructures (including the Hf2InC MAX phase). After fabrication, a part of the pristine (as deposited) samples was irradiated by 200 keV Ar+ ions at high fluences 10(15) and 10(17) cm(-2). Both samples (as prepared and irradiated) were analyzed by IBA nuclear analytical methods, as well as by AFM and TEM microscopic techniques, and by XPS and profilometry to understand the microstructural evolution. Moreover, nanoindentation analysis was performed to assess the effects of ion irradiation on the microstructure and mechanical properties of the films. The experimental results showed that thin Hf-In-C nanostructured films can be formed by ion sputtering with promising mechanical parameters. The irradiated Hf-In-C films were found to be resistant only up to a fluence of about 10(15) Ar cm(-2). At higher fluences it degrades, and Hf2InC transforms to the binary HfC0.95 phase due to sublimation of In. At 10(17) cm(-2) the original matrix (including M(2)AX) is destroyed, and instead, a mixture of MX binary phases (e.g. HfC0.95) and crystalline oxides (e.g. HfO2 and In2O3) are formed.

Radiation-induced phase separation in nanostructured Hf-In-C ternary thin films under irradiation with 200 keV Ar+ ion beam / Vacik, Jiri; Cannav(`(o)), Antonino; Bakardjieva, Snejana; Kupcik, Jaroslav; Lavrentiev, Vasily; Ceccio, Giovanni; Horak, Pavel; Nemecek, Jiri; Verna, Alessio; Parmeggiani, Matteo; Calcagno, Lucia; Klie, Robert; Ducho( (n)), Jan. - In: RADIATION EFFECTS AND DEFECTS IN SOLIDS. - ISSN 1042-0150. - 177:1-2(2022), pp. 137-160. [10.1080/10420150.2022.2049788]

Radiation-induced phase separation in nanostructured Hf-In-C ternary thin films under irradiation with 200 keV Ar+ ion beam

Alessio Verna;Matteo Parmeggiani;
2022

Abstract

Thin films consisting of 17 groups of Hf/In/C multilayers cyclically alternating layers of Hf, In and C each with a thickness of 4-5 nm were synthesized by ion sputtering using a 25 keV Ar+ ion beam with 400 mu A current and targets made of pure hafnium, indium and carbon. The films were subsequently annealed in vacuum at 120 degrees C for 24 hours to induce intermixing of elements phases, their interaction, and formation of the Hf-In-C nanostructures (including the Hf2InC MAX phase). After fabrication, a part of the pristine (as deposited) samples was irradiated by 200 keV Ar+ ions at high fluences 10(15) and 10(17) cm(-2). Both samples (as prepared and irradiated) were analyzed by IBA nuclear analytical methods, as well as by AFM and TEM microscopic techniques, and by XPS and profilometry to understand the microstructural evolution. Moreover, nanoindentation analysis was performed to assess the effects of ion irradiation on the microstructure and mechanical properties of the films. The experimental results showed that thin Hf-In-C nanostructured films can be formed by ion sputtering with promising mechanical parameters. The irradiated Hf-In-C films were found to be resistant only up to a fluence of about 10(15) Ar cm(-2). At higher fluences it degrades, and Hf2InC transforms to the binary HfC0.95 phase due to sublimation of In. At 10(17) cm(-2) the original matrix (including M(2)AX) is destroyed, and instead, a mixture of MX binary phases (e.g. HfC0.95) and crystalline oxides (e.g. HfO2 and In2O3) are formed.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11583/2970368