Biofouling is a major challenge for desalination, water treatment, and water reuse applications using polymer-based membranes. Two classes of novel silver-based metal azolate frameworks (MAF) are proposed to decorate polyamide (PA) forward osmosis membranes and to improve numerous aspects of fouling and transport. Membranes functionalized with two concentrations of each MAF are compared with a pristine control material, with results that clearly highlight their tunability and bio-inhibitory effects. We report for the first time PA membranes yielding near complete suppression of a robust biofilm-forming bacterium (Pseudomonas aeruginosa) and inactivation of planktonic bacteria, while maintaining high selectivity. These features improve the long-term water flux performance of the membranes, tested during 24 h of accelerated biofouling and organic fouling conditions, and showing lower than 10% and 20% decline in water flux. These enhancements were achieved with only 0.03–0.06% mass of additives and little generation of hazardous waste products, indicating that low-cost and environmentally benign functionalization can prevent biofouling growth while maintaining selectivity and transport for high-performance desalination, water treatment and reuse.

Functionalized polyamide membranes yield suppression of biofilm and planktonic bacteria while retaining flux and selectivity / Dadashi Firouzjaei, M.; Pejman, M.; Gh, M. S.; Aktij, S. A.; Zolghadr, E.; Rahimpour, A.; Sadrzadeh, M.; Shamsabadi, A. A.; Tiraferri, A.; Elliott, M.. - In: SEPARATION AND PURIFICATION TECHNOLOGY. - ISSN 1383-5866. - 282:(2022), p. 119981. [10.1016/j.seppur.2021.119981]

Functionalized polyamide membranes yield suppression of biofilm and planktonic bacteria while retaining flux and selectivity

Pejman M.;Tiraferri A.;
2022

Abstract

Biofouling is a major challenge for desalination, water treatment, and water reuse applications using polymer-based membranes. Two classes of novel silver-based metal azolate frameworks (MAF) are proposed to decorate polyamide (PA) forward osmosis membranes and to improve numerous aspects of fouling and transport. Membranes functionalized with two concentrations of each MAF are compared with a pristine control material, with results that clearly highlight their tunability and bio-inhibitory effects. We report for the first time PA membranes yielding near complete suppression of a robust biofilm-forming bacterium (Pseudomonas aeruginosa) and inactivation of planktonic bacteria, while maintaining high selectivity. These features improve the long-term water flux performance of the membranes, tested during 24 h of accelerated biofouling and organic fouling conditions, and showing lower than 10% and 20% decline in water flux. These enhancements were achieved with only 0.03–0.06% mass of additives and little generation of hazardous waste products, indicating that low-cost and environmentally benign functionalization can prevent biofouling growth while maintaining selectivity and transport for high-performance desalination, water treatment and reuse.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11583/2950993