Plasma disruptions are rapid and dramatic off-normal operation events, lasting only a few milliseconds, which can damage the tokamak in-vessel structures. Shattered Pellet Injection (SPI) can be employed to mitigate these transients. This technique consists of injecting impurities to enhance the isotropic radiation emission, thus reducing the peak heat load onto the Plasma Facing Components (PFCs). In this work, we employ the CHERAB code to assess the radiative heat load on the EU-DEMO in-vessel structures following a disruption mitigated via SPI with 0.5 GJ of radiated energy. The effect of different penetration depths of shattered pellets varying in the range 0.2–3.5 m is parametrically studied. The computed peak radiative load in the case of deep deposition of the impurities (∼ 5.6 ·102 MW/m2) is around 18 times smaller than in the case of shallow penetration (∼ 1.0 ·104 MW/m2). Instead, a figure for an intermediate penetration would be ∼1.5 ·103 MW/m2.
Parametric study of the radiative load distribution on the EU-DEMO first wall due to SPI-mitigated disruptions / Moscheni, M.; Carr, M.; Dulla, S.; Maviglia, F.; Meakins, A.; Nallo, G. F.; Subba, F.; Zanino, R.. - In: FUSION ENGINEERING AND DESIGN. - ISSN 0920-3796. - ELETTRONICO. - 172(2021), p. 112917. [10.1016/j.fusengdes.2021.112917]
|Titolo:||Parametric study of the radiative load distribution on the EU-DEMO first wall due to SPI-mitigated disruptions|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2021|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fusengdes.2021.112917|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|