This paper presents the design and hardware-in-the-loop (HIL) experimental validation of a data-driven estimation method for the state of charge (SOC) in the lithium-ion batteries used in hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs). The considered system features a 1.25 kWh 48 V lithium-ion battery that is numerically modeled via an RC equivalent circuit model that can also consider the environmental temperature influence. The proposed estimation technique relies on nonlinear autoregressive with exogenous input (NARX) artificial neural networks (ANNs) that are properly trained with multiple datasets. Those datasets include modeled current and voltage data, both for charge-sustaining and charge-depleting working conditions. The investigated method is then experimentally validated using a Raspberry Pi 4B card-sized board, on which the estimation algorithm is actually deployed, and real-time hardware, on which the battery model is developed, namely a Speedgoat baseline platform. These hardware platforms are used in a hardware-in-the-loop architecture via the UPD communication protocol, allowing the system to be validated in a proper testing environment. The resulting estimation algorithm can estimate the battery SOC in real-time, with 2% accuracy during real-time hardware testing.
Hardware-in-the-Loop Assessment of a Data-Driven State of Charge Estimation Method for Lithium-Ion Batteries in Hybrid Vehicles / Luciani, Sara; Feraco, Stefano; Bonfitto, Angelo; Tonoli, Andrea. - In: ELECTRONICS. - ISSN 2079-9292. - 10:22(2021). [10.3390/electronics10222828]
|Titolo:||Hardware-in-the-Loop Assessment of a Data-Driven State of Charge Estimation Method for Lithium-Ion Batteries in Hybrid Vehicles|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2021|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/electronics10222828|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|