This paper shows how the study of colored compositions of integers reveals some unexpected and original connection with the Invert operator. The Invert operator becomes an important tool to solve the problem of directly counting the number of colored compositions for any coloration. The interesting consequences arising from this relationship also give an immediate and simple criterion to determine whether a sequence of integers counts the number of some colored compositions. Applications to Catalan and Fibonacci numbers naturally emerge, allowing to clearly answer to some open questions. Moreover, the definition of colored compositions with the "black tie" provides straightforward combinatorial proofs to a new identity involving multinomial coefficients and to a new closed formula for the Invert operator. Finally, colored compositions with the "black tie" give rise to a new combinatorial interpretation for the convolution operator, and to a new and easy method to count the number of parts of colored compositions. © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Colored compositions, Invert operator and elegant compositions with the "black tie" / Abrate, M.; Barbero, S.; Cerruti, U.; Murru, N.. - In: DISCRETE MATHEMATICS. - ISSN 0012-365X. - 335(2014), pp. 1-7. [10.1016/j.disc.2014.06.026]
|Titolo:||Colored compositions, Invert operator and elegant compositions with the "black tie"|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2014|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.disc.2014.06.026|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|
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