The labyrinth seals are devices commonly used in turbomachinery to reduce hot gas leakages through engine clearances, which adversely affect the gas turbine performance. For this reason, in the last decades, many in-depth analyses and optimization studies were carried out on this topic using experimental, analytical and numerical approaches. In this work, an innovative rhomboidal pattern is presented, obtained through Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) simulations, which is more dissipative than commonly used honeycomb cells. The experiments, performed using a Test Article that reproduces a stage and the next stator of a real low-pressure turbine suitably scaled, allowed to validate the numerical results in a situation that closely approximates the real one of use. The results obtained show that the leakages flow fraction of the total mass flow rate that bypasses the blade, which is 29.4% using a honeycomb pattern, is reduced to 27% with rhomboidal cells. The experimental results also made it possible to verify that the new pattern also behaves well from a thermal point of view, giving rise to temperature differences with respect to the honeycomb of less than 1%.

Numerical and experimental analysis of labyrinth seals with rhomboidal cells / Campagnoli, E.; Desando, A.; Monterossi, M. P.; Rapisarda, A.. - In: APPLIED SCIENCES. - ISSN 2076-3417. - 11:4(2021), pp. 1-17. [10.3390/app11041371]

Numerical and experimental analysis of labyrinth seals with rhomboidal cells

Campagnoli E.;Desando A.;Rapisarda A.
2021

Abstract

The labyrinth seals are devices commonly used in turbomachinery to reduce hot gas leakages through engine clearances, which adversely affect the gas turbine performance. For this reason, in the last decades, many in-depth analyses and optimization studies were carried out on this topic using experimental, analytical and numerical approaches. In this work, an innovative rhomboidal pattern is presented, obtained through Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) simulations, which is more dissipative than commonly used honeycomb cells. The experiments, performed using a Test Article that reproduces a stage and the next stator of a real low-pressure turbine suitably scaled, allowed to validate the numerical results in a situation that closely approximates the real one of use. The results obtained show that the leakages flow fraction of the total mass flow rate that bypasses the blade, which is 29.4% using a honeycomb pattern, is reduced to 27% with rhomboidal cells. The experimental results also made it possible to verify that the new pattern also behaves well from a thermal point of view, giving rise to temperature differences with respect to the honeycomb of less than 1%.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11583/2902552