Tunnelling and underground construction operations are often characterized by critical safety issues mainly due to poor visibility and blind spots around large vehicles and equipment. This can lead to collisions between vehicles or between vehicles and pedestrians or structural elements, causing accidents and fatalities. To improve the OS&H conditions, it is important to investigate the possible introduction of innovative techniques and technologies to reduce the occurrences and consequences of shared spaces (spaces used by both vehicles and pedestrians). For this reason, research was conducted to investigate the possible use of different technologies of anti-collision systems in tunnelling operations. First, to achieve this goal, an extensive review of the literature was carried out in accordance with the PRISMA statement to select the current techniques and technologies used by general anti-collision systems in civil and mining construction sites. Then, the operating principles, the relative advantages and disadvantages, combinations, and costs were examined for each of these. Eight types of systems and many examples of applications of anti-collision systems in underground environments were identified as a result of the analysis of the literature. Generally, it was noted that the anti-collision techniques available have found limited application in the excavation sites of underground civil works up to the present day, though the improvement in terms of safety and efficiency would be considerable.
Anti-collision systems in tunneling to improve effectiveness and safety in a system-quality approach: A review of the state of the art / Patrucco, M.; Pira, E.; Pentimalli, S.; Nebbia, R.; Sorlini, A.. - In: INFRASTRUCTURES. - ISSN 2412-3811. - 6:3(2021), p. 42. [10.3390/infrastructures6030042]
|Titolo:||Anti-collision systems in tunneling to improve effectiveness and safety in a system-quality approach: A review of the state of the art|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2021|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/infrastructures6030042|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|