The availability of reliable values of the kinetic parameters (effective delayed neutron fraction β and effective mean neutron generation time Λ ) is important for reactor kinetic analyses and for reactivity monitoring wh en adopting the point kinetic approach [1]. The kinetic parameters may be obtained either by simulations (Monte Carlo or deterministic) of the system or by direct measurements . Several methods have been proposed for the direct experimental determination of the kinetic parameters, e.g. control rod drops and noise analysis approach es, e.g. [2, 3]. In this work, the problem of the determination of kinetic parameters in subcritical systems is tackled . The system is subjected to an oscillated source and the value of the ratio β / Λ is related to a measurable quantity when the system response reaches an equilibrium condition. In the analysis presented, a pure frequency is considered: when analyzing more complicated source periodic behaviours, a Fourier analysis can allow to isolate the contributions of individual frequencies. The phase difference between the oscillating source and the system response is adopted as the experimental observable. The method for the interpretation of the measurements is based on the standard point kinetic model. The response of the system is obtained by localized neutron detectors and, therefore, spatial and spectral effects may also affect the results. This drawback needs some further discussion and will be considered in the future work . The phase shift between the source signal and the system response may be analytically retrieved by Laplace transforming the point kinetic equations in the presence of an oscillated source. An explicit formula relates the phase shift to the ratio β / Λ and to the frequency of the source. Based on this relationship, the ratio β / Λ can be determined. To validate the technique, the experimental data are simulated by a numerical code solving the time-dependent diffusion equations for a source-driven system. The work allows to assess the possibility of the technique and its limits of applicability

Measurement of kinetic parameters by oscillated experiments / Dulla, S.; Hoh, S. S.; Ravetto, P.; Saracco, P.. - ELETTRONICO. - 115:(2016), pp. 1130-1132. ((Intervento presentato al convegno Winter Meeting of the American Nuclear Society tenutosi a Las Vegas nel November 6-10.

Measurement of kinetic parameters by oscillated experiments

S. Dulla;P. Ravetto;
2016

Abstract

The availability of reliable values of the kinetic parameters (effective delayed neutron fraction β and effective mean neutron generation time Λ ) is important for reactor kinetic analyses and for reactivity monitoring wh en adopting the point kinetic approach [1]. The kinetic parameters may be obtained either by simulations (Monte Carlo or deterministic) of the system or by direct measurements . Several methods have been proposed for the direct experimental determination of the kinetic parameters, e.g. control rod drops and noise analysis approach es, e.g. [2, 3]. In this work, the problem of the determination of kinetic parameters in subcritical systems is tackled . The system is subjected to an oscillated source and the value of the ratio β / Λ is related to a measurable quantity when the system response reaches an equilibrium condition. In the analysis presented, a pure frequency is considered: when analyzing more complicated source periodic behaviours, a Fourier analysis can allow to isolate the contributions of individual frequencies. The phase difference between the oscillating source and the system response is adopted as the experimental observable. The method for the interpretation of the measurements is based on the standard point kinetic model. The response of the system is obtained by localized neutron detectors and, therefore, spatial and spectral effects may also affect the results. This drawback needs some further discussion and will be considered in the future work . The phase shift between the source signal and the system response may be analytically retrieved by Laplace transforming the point kinetic equations in the presence of an oscillated source. An explicit formula relates the phase shift to the ratio β / Λ and to the frequency of the source. Based on this relationship, the ratio β / Λ can be determined. To validate the technique, the experimental data are simulated by a numerical code solving the time-dependent diffusion equations for a source-driven system. The work allows to assess the possibility of the technique and its limits of applicability
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
ANS 20 - Winter 2016.pdf

non disponibili

Tipologia: 2a Post-print versione editoriale / Version of Record
Licenza: Non Pubblico - Accesso privato/ristretto
Dimensione 217.87 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
217.87 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia
Pubblicazioni consigliate

Caricamento pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11583/2877388