The Aosta Valley Region has promulgated in 1990 a law to partially finance stone roofs to the owners of houses in the historic centers of the valley, provided that the stone material chosen was suitable for this use. This suitability was certified by physical, mechanical and durability tests. More than twenty years ago, roofing slabs were extracted in north-western Alps mainly from schistose rocks. In recent time instead roofing slabs, according to global market, have an international origin. All the traditional stones tested showed excellent technical features according to the local legislation on roof slates. One of these traditional stones is a phyllite whose trade name is “Porfiroide” having the best physical and mechanical properties compared to the other kinds of traditional stones, but with a high standard deviation in the results of flexural strength performed after the freeze and thaw cycles. In the roofing installed 40 years ago, despite their best technical features, the “Porfiroide” roof slabs show a poor state of conservation with widespread detachments, fractures, growth of mosses and lichens, variations in colours. Otherwise, stones with a lower value of flexural strength and higher water absorption instead show good behaviour in the roofing in situ and also in terms of colour change. Evidently the only characterisation of the stone materials is not sufficient but it must be associated to a on-site verification, comparing each slab to be installed with a reference sample, part of the sample submitted to the tests, and to a control on site of the resistance of the stones to degradation.
Stone roofing in the Aosta Valley, Italy: Technical properties and durability of traditional Lithotypes / Bellopede, Rossana; Zichella, Lorena; Marini, Paola. - In: JOURNAL OF BUILDING ENGINEERING. - ISSN 2352-7102. - ELETTRONICO. - 35(2021), pp. 102068-102077.
|Titolo:||Stone roofing in the Aosta Valley, Italy: Technical properties and durability of traditional Lithotypes|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2021|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jobe.2020.102068|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|