In this paper, we consider cellular networks powered by the smart grid (SG) and by local renewable energy (RE) sources. While this configuration promises energy savings, usage of cleaner energy, and cost reduction, it has some intrinsic complexity due to the interaction between the network operators and the SG. Motivated by the significant advancement in the SG, we consider the case where cellular networks provide the SG with ancillary services by replying to the grid's explicit requests to increase or decrease their grid consumption. We propose a new approach for configuring and operating base stations (BSs) to provide ancillary services. Based on real data, we model the energy state of a BS as a Markov chain taking into account the proposed energy management policy, randomness of SG requests, and RE generation. We use the model to evaluate the performance of the system, and to decide proper settings of its parameters in order to minimize the energy operational cost. The performance of our proposal is then compared against those of other approaches. Results show that important cost savings, with negligible degradation in quality of service, are possible when RE generation, SG patterns, and storage sizes are properly taken into account.

A Novel Energy Model for Renewable Energy-Enabled Cellular Networks Providing Ancillary Services to the Smart Grid / Hassan, H. A. H.; Renga, D.; Meo, M.; Nuaymi, L.. - In: IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GREEN COMMUNICATIONS AND NETWORKING. - ISSN 2473-2400. - 3:2(2019), pp. 381-396. [10.1109/TGCN.2019.2893203]

A Novel Energy Model for Renewable Energy-Enabled Cellular Networks Providing Ancillary Services to the Smart Grid

Renga D.;Meo M.;
2019

Abstract

In this paper, we consider cellular networks powered by the smart grid (SG) and by local renewable energy (RE) sources. While this configuration promises energy savings, usage of cleaner energy, and cost reduction, it has some intrinsic complexity due to the interaction between the network operators and the SG. Motivated by the significant advancement in the SG, we consider the case where cellular networks provide the SG with ancillary services by replying to the grid's explicit requests to increase or decrease their grid consumption. We propose a new approach for configuring and operating base stations (BSs) to provide ancillary services. Based on real data, we model the energy state of a BS as a Markov chain taking into account the proposed energy management policy, randomness of SG requests, and RE generation. We use the model to evaluate the performance of the system, and to decide proper settings of its parameters in order to minimize the energy operational cost. The performance of our proposal is then compared against those of other approaches. Results show that important cost savings, with negligible degradation in quality of service, are possible when RE generation, SG patterns, and storage sizes are properly taken into account.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11583/2853825