Enabling green fabrication processes for energy storage devices is becoming a key aspect in order to achieve a sustainable fabrication cycle. Here we focus on the exploitation of the tragacanth gum, an exudated gum like arabic and karaya gums, as green binder for the preparation of carbon-based for electrochemical capacitors. The electrochemical performance of tragacanth (TRGC)-based electrodes are thoroughly investigated and compared with another water-soluble binder largely used in this field, i.e. sodium-carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC). Apart from the higher sustainability both in production and processing, TRGC exhibits a lower impact on the obstruction of pores in the final active material film with respect to CMC, allowing for more available surface area. This directly impacts on the electrochemical performances resulting in a higher specific capacitance and better rate capability. Moreover, the TRGC-based supercapacitor shows a superior thermal stability than CMC with a capacity retention of about 80 % after 10.000 cycles at 70 °C.

Tragacanth gum as green binder for sustainable water-processable electrochemical capacitor / Scalia, Alberto; Zaccagnini, Pietro; Armandi, Marco; Latini, Giulio; Versaci, Daniele; Lanzio, Vittorino; Varzi, Alberto; Passerini, Stefano; Lamberti, Andrea. - In: CHEMSUSCHEM. - ISSN 1864-5631. - 14:(2021), pp. 356-362. [10.1002/cssc.202001754]

Tragacanth gum as green binder for sustainable water-processable electrochemical capacitor

Scalia, Alberto;Zaccagnini, Pietro;Armandi, Marco;Latini, Giulio;Versaci, Daniele;Lanzio, Vittorino;Lamberti, Andrea
2021

Abstract

Enabling green fabrication processes for energy storage devices is becoming a key aspect in order to achieve a sustainable fabrication cycle. Here we focus on the exploitation of the tragacanth gum, an exudated gum like arabic and karaya gums, as green binder for the preparation of carbon-based for electrochemical capacitors. The electrochemical performance of tragacanth (TRGC)-based electrodes are thoroughly investigated and compared with another water-soluble binder largely used in this field, i.e. sodium-carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC). Apart from the higher sustainability both in production and processing, TRGC exhibits a lower impact on the obstruction of pores in the final active material film with respect to CMC, allowing for more available surface area. This directly impacts on the electrochemical performances resulting in a higher specific capacitance and better rate capability. Moreover, the TRGC-based supercapacitor shows a superior thermal stability than CMC with a capacity retention of about 80 % after 10.000 cycles at 70 °C.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11583/2850113