High density polyethylene (HDPE) is widely used in biomedical field, except when strong cell-material interactions and high mechanical properties are required. To address this pitfall, two kinds of chitosan in different amounts were used as filler in the present research. Composites were prepared by melt extrusion process and their microstructural, thermal and mechanical properties were widely investigated. Also roughness and wettability were studied, as features of paramount importance in dictating cell response. Both types of chitosan endowed HDPE with higher Young modulus and lower elongation at break. Interestingly, fibroblast adhesion and viability were enhanced when a low amount of filler was used. The interaction of HDPE/chitosan composites with biological environment was investigated for the first time in order to assess the feasibility of these composites as materials for biomedical application.

Influence of chitosan on the mechanical and biological properties of HDPE for biomedical applications / Di Maro, M.; Faga, M. G.; Malucelli, G.; Mussano, F. D.; Genova, T.; Morsi, R. E.; Hamdy, A.; Duraccio, D.. - In: POLYMER TESTING. - ISSN 0142-9418. - ELETTRONICO. - 91:106610(2020). [10.1016/j.polymertesting.2020.106610]

Influence of chitosan on the mechanical and biological properties of HDPE for biomedical applications

G. Malucelli;D. Duraccio
2020

Abstract

High density polyethylene (HDPE) is widely used in biomedical field, except when strong cell-material interactions and high mechanical properties are required. To address this pitfall, two kinds of chitosan in different amounts were used as filler in the present research. Composites were prepared by melt extrusion process and their microstructural, thermal and mechanical properties were widely investigated. Also roughness and wettability were studied, as features of paramount importance in dictating cell response. Both types of chitosan endowed HDPE with higher Young modulus and lower elongation at break. Interestingly, fibroblast adhesion and viability were enhanced when a low amount of filler was used. The interaction of HDPE/chitosan composites with biological environment was investigated for the first time in order to assess the feasibility of these composites as materials for biomedical application.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11583/2847949