Carbon Fibres (CFs) are widely used in textile-reinforced composites for the construction of lightweight, durable structures. Since their inert surface does not allow effective bonding with the matrix material, the surface treatment of fibres is suggested to improve the adhesion between the two. In the present study, different surface modifications are compared in terms of the mechanical enhancement that they can offer to the fibres. Two main advanced technologies have been investigated; namely, plasma treatment and electrochemical treatment. Specifically, active screen plasma and low-pressure plasma were compared. Regarding the electrochemical modification, electrochemical oxidation and electropolymerisation of monomer solutions of acrylic and methacrylic acids, acrylonitrile and N-vinyl pyrrolidine were tested for HTA-40 CFs. In order to assess the effects of the surface treatments, the morphology, the physicochemical properties, as well as the mechanical integrity of the fibres were investigated. The CF surface and polymeric matrix interphase adhesion in composites were also analysed. The improvement of the carbon fibre’s physical–mechanical properties was evident for the case of the active screen plasma treatment and the electrochemical oxidation.

Comparative Physical–Mechanical Properties Assessment of Tailored Surface-Treated Carbon Fibres / Semitekolos, Dionisis; Trompeta, Aikaterini-Flora; Husarova, Iryna; Man’Ko, Tamara; Potapov, Aleksandr; Romenskaya, Ol'Ga; Liang, Yana; Li, Xiaoying; Giorcelli, Mauro; Dong, Hanshan; Tagliaferro, Alberto; Charitidis, Costas A.. - In: MATERIALS. - ISSN 1996-1944. - 13:14(2020), p. 3136. [10.3390/ma13143136]

Comparative Physical–Mechanical Properties Assessment of Tailored Surface-Treated Carbon Fibres

Giorcelli, Mauro;Tagliaferro, Alberto;
2020

Abstract

Carbon Fibres (CFs) are widely used in textile-reinforced composites for the construction of lightweight, durable structures. Since their inert surface does not allow effective bonding with the matrix material, the surface treatment of fibres is suggested to improve the adhesion between the two. In the present study, different surface modifications are compared in terms of the mechanical enhancement that they can offer to the fibres. Two main advanced technologies have been investigated; namely, plasma treatment and electrochemical treatment. Specifically, active screen plasma and low-pressure plasma were compared. Regarding the electrochemical modification, electrochemical oxidation and electropolymerisation of monomer solutions of acrylic and methacrylic acids, acrylonitrile and N-vinyl pyrrolidine were tested for HTA-40 CFs. In order to assess the effects of the surface treatments, the morphology, the physicochemical properties, as well as the mechanical integrity of the fibres were investigated. The CF surface and polymeric matrix interphase adhesion in composites were also analysed. The improvement of the carbon fibre’s physical–mechanical properties was evident for the case of the active screen plasma treatment and the electrochemical oxidation.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11583/2840283