A perspective is taken on the intangible complexity of economic and social systems by investigating the dynamical processes producing, storing and transmitting information in financial time series. An extensive analysis based on the moving average cluster entropy approach has evidenced market and horizon dependence in highest-frequency data of real world financial assets. The behavior is scrutinized by applying the moving average cluster entropy approach to long-range correlated stochastic processes as the Autoregressive Fractionally Integrated Moving Average (ARFIMA) and Fractional Brownian motion (FBM). An extensive set of series is generated with a broad range of values of the Hurst exponent H and of the autoregressive, differencing and moving average parameters p, d, q. A systematic relation between moving average cluster entropy and long-range correlation parameters H, d is observed. This study shows that the characteristic behaviour exhibited by the horizon dependence of the cluster entropy is related to long-range positive correlation in financial markets. Specifically, long range positively correlated ARFIMA processes with differencing parameter d ≃ 0.05, d ≃ 0.15 and d ≃ 0.25 are consistent with moving average cluster entropy results obtained in time series of DJIA, S&P500 and NASDAQ. The findings clearly point to a variability of price returns, consistently with a price dynamics involving multiple temporal scales and, thus, shortand long-run volatility components. An important aspect of the proposed approach is the ability to capture detailed horizon dependence over relatively short horizons (one to twelve months) and thus its relevance to define risk analysis indices.

Long-Range Dependence in Financial Markets: a Moving Average Cluster Entropy Approach / Murialdo, P; Ponta, L; Carbone, A. - In: ENTROPY. - ISSN 1099-4300. - 22:(2020), p. 634. [10.3390/E22060634]

Long-Range Dependence in Financial Markets: a Moving Average Cluster Entropy Approach

P Murialdo;A Carbone
2020

Abstract

A perspective is taken on the intangible complexity of economic and social systems by investigating the dynamical processes producing, storing and transmitting information in financial time series. An extensive analysis based on the moving average cluster entropy approach has evidenced market and horizon dependence in highest-frequency data of real world financial assets. The behavior is scrutinized by applying the moving average cluster entropy approach to long-range correlated stochastic processes as the Autoregressive Fractionally Integrated Moving Average (ARFIMA) and Fractional Brownian motion (FBM). An extensive set of series is generated with a broad range of values of the Hurst exponent H and of the autoregressive, differencing and moving average parameters p, d, q. A systematic relation between moving average cluster entropy and long-range correlation parameters H, d is observed. This study shows that the characteristic behaviour exhibited by the horizon dependence of the cluster entropy is related to long-range positive correlation in financial markets. Specifically, long range positively correlated ARFIMA processes with differencing parameter d ≃ 0.05, d ≃ 0.15 and d ≃ 0.25 are consistent with moving average cluster entropy results obtained in time series of DJIA, S&P500 and NASDAQ. The findings clearly point to a variability of price returns, consistently with a price dynamics involving multiple temporal scales and, thus, shortand long-run volatility components. An important aspect of the proposed approach is the ability to capture detailed horizon dependence over relatively short horizons (one to twelve months) and thus its relevance to define risk analysis indices.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11583/2839740