This paper presents a novel methodology to assess the accuracy of shell finite elements via neural networks. The proposed framework exploits the synergies among three well-established methods, namely, the Carrera Unified Formulation (CUF), the Finite Element Method (FE), and neural networks (NN). CUF generates the governing equations for any-order shell theories based on polynomial expansions over the thickness. FE provides numerical results feeding the NN for training. Multilayer NN have the generalized displacement variables, and the thickness ratio as inputs, and the target is the maximum transverse displacement. This work investigates the minimum requirements for the NN concerning the number of neurons and hidden layers, and the size of the training set. The results look promising as the NN requires a fraction of FE analyses for training, can evaluate the accuracy of any-order model, and can incorporate physical features, e.g., the thickness ratio, that drive the complexity of the mathematical model. In other words, NN can trigger fast informed decision-making on the structural model to use and the influence of design parameters without the need of modifying, rebuild, or rerun an FE model.

On the use of neural networks to evaluate performances of shell models for composites / Petrolo, M.; Carrera, E.. - In: ADVANCED MODELING AND SIMULATION IN ENGINEERING SCIENCES. - ISSN 2213-7467. - ELETTRONICO. - 7:31(2020). [10.1186/s40323-020-00169-y]

On the use of neural networks to evaluate performances of shell models for composites

M. Petrolo;E. Carrera
2020

Abstract

This paper presents a novel methodology to assess the accuracy of shell finite elements via neural networks. The proposed framework exploits the synergies among three well-established methods, namely, the Carrera Unified Formulation (CUF), the Finite Element Method (FE), and neural networks (NN). CUF generates the governing equations for any-order shell theories based on polynomial expansions over the thickness. FE provides numerical results feeding the NN for training. Multilayer NN have the generalized displacement variables, and the thickness ratio as inputs, and the target is the maximum transverse displacement. This work investigates the minimum requirements for the NN concerning the number of neurons and hidden layers, and the size of the training set. The results look promising as the NN requires a fraction of FE analyses for training, can evaluate the accuracy of any-order model, and can incorporate physical features, e.g., the thickness ratio, that drive the complexity of the mathematical model. In other words, NN can trigger fast informed decision-making on the structural model to use and the influence of design parameters without the need of modifying, rebuild, or rerun an FE model.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11583/2838896