Resistive-switching random access memory (ReRAM) technologies are nowadays a good candidate to overcome the bottleneck of Von Neumann architectures, taking advantage of their logic-in-memory capability and the ability to mimic biological synapse behavior. Although it has been proven that ReRAMs can memorize multibit information by the storage of multiple internal resistance states, the precise control of the multistates, their nonvolatility, and the cycle-to-cycle reliability are still open challenges. In this study, the analog resistance modulation of Pt/HfO2/Ti/TiN devices is obtained and studied in response to different programming stimuli, linking the electrical response to the internal dynamics of the ReRAM cells. The resistance modulation during RESET operation is explained by the progressive dissolution of the conducting filament, whose switching kinetics is inspected in detail, describing the filament evolution during voltage sweep measurements and under the effect of 1 mu s pulses. Exploiting the gradual nature of the RESET process, which is an intrinsic property of our devices, a linear resistance modulation over the wide operating window of 10(3) is obtained by negative pulse ramping. The intermediate resistance states are characterized by small spatial and temporal variability and stable retention over time. To explore the synaptic long-term plasticity properties, the resistance variation over 10(2) consecutive depression-potentiation cycles is presented and up to 15 discrete distinguishable states are defined through the evaluation of the maximum step-to-step variability. The linear resistance modulation over a wide resistance window coupled with the stable retention of intermediate states represents a fundamental step forward to enhance HfO2 ReRAM performance in neuromorphic applications.
Analog Control of Retainable Resistance Multistates in HfO2 Resistive-Switching Random Access Memories (ReRAMs) / Giovinazzo, Cecilia; Sandrini, Jury; Shahrabi, Elmira; Celik, Oguz Tolga; Leblebici, Yusuf; Ricciardi, Carlo. - In: ACS APPLIED ELECTRONIC MATERIALS. - ISSN 2637-6113. - ELETTRONICO. - 1:6(2019), pp. 900-909. [10.1021/acsaelm.9b00094]
|Titolo:||Analog Control of Retainable Resistance Multistates in HfO2 Resistive-Switching Random Access Memories (ReRAMs)|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2019|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsaelm.9b00094|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|