This work documents a rain case dominated by evaporation which occurred at the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement site in Oklahoma on 15 September 2011. A recently developed algorithm, applied to radar Doppler spectra measured at Ka and W band, provides the vertical evolution of binned drop size distributions (DSDs) and of the vertical wind. Such retrieved quantities are used in connection with relative humidity (RH) profiles to derive evaporation rates and atmospheric cooling rates. In addition, in regions of stationarity and of light rain, when other microphysical processes are negligible, the presented case study suggests the possibility of retrieving RH profiles from the vertical evolution of the drop size distributions. The key is to characterize the gradient of the rain mass flux between successive levels. Such signal is particularly weak and can be enhanced thanks to a substantial averaging of the retrieved DSD over approximately 5 min and 250 m (eight range gates). The derived profile agrees with the retrieval from coincident Raman lidar observations within a 10% RH difference. These results suggest that other rain microphysical processes could be studied by combining the radar-based DSD retrieval with ancillary RH observations.
Evaporation in action sensed by multiwavelength Doppler radars / Tridon, F.; Battaglia, A.; Watters, D.. - In: JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH. ATMOSPHERES. - ISSN 2169-897X. - 122:17(2017), pp. 9379-9390. [10.1002/2016JD025998]
|Titolo:||Evaporation in action sensed by multiwavelength Doppler radars|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2017|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2016JD025998|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|