We study path integrals in the Trotter-type form for the Schrödinger equation, where the Hamiltonian is the Weyl quantization of a real-valued quadratic form perturbed by a potential V in a class encompassing that - considered by Albeverio and Ito in celebrated papers - of Fourier transforms of complex measures. Essentially, V is bounded and has the regularity of a function whose Fourier transform is in L1. Whereas the strong convergence in L2 in the Trotter formula, as well as several related issues at the operator norm level are well understood, the original Feynman’s idea concerned the subtler and widely open problem of the pointwise convergence of the corresponding probability amplitudes, that are the integral kernels of the approximation operators. We prove that, for the above class of potentials, such a convergence at the level of the integral kernels in fact occurs, uniformly on compact subsets and for every fixed time, except for certain exceptional time values for which the kernels are in general just distributions. Actually, theorems are stated for potentials in several function spaces arising in Harmonic Analysis, with corresponding convergence results. Proofs rely on Banach algebras techniques for pseudo-differential operators acting on such function spaces.
On the Pointwise Convergence of the Integral Kernels in the Feynman-Trotter Formula / Nicola, F.; Trapasso, Salvatore Ivan. - In: COMMUNICATIONS IN MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS. - ISSN 0010-3616. - 376(2020), pp. 2277-2299.
|Titolo:||On the Pointwise Convergence of the Integral Kernels in the Feynman-Trotter Formula|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2020|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00220-019-03524-2|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|
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