Nowadays, the telecommunication satellite market in geostationary orbit (GEO) is suffering of a plummeting in the order rate of new GEO satellites. Compared to the average rate of launch between 20 and 25 satellites per year of the last decade, only five orders for large communication satellites were placed in 2018. Apparently, no real solutions can be implemented in near terms to revitalize GEO market. According with the opinions of several large integrators, the new trend in the development of large constellations in lower orbits is the main cause of the customer’s uncertainties in the GEO market. At the same time, they are waiting for new, cutting-edge technologies in order to further increase GEO satellite capabilities in terms of payload size, satellite operational lifetime and performance. One of the technologies that may enhance the competitiveness of GEO telecom satellites is high power electric propulsion (HP-EP). This technology coupled with reusable platforms in the field of GEO telecom satellites can bring to two different mission concepts. The first one consists of a reusable space tug that performs GEO on-orbit services, such as orbit raising maneuvers, orbit refueling and orbit relocation. The second mission concept consists of an integrated reusable platform as GEO telecom satellite that utilizes HP-EP to perform the above mentioned on-orbit services, in addition to its nominal mission operations. The paper presents a comparison between these two concepts, in order to investigate the technical feasibility of GEO on-orbit services and to assess the corresponding new market opportunities. Among different thruster technologies, Hall thrusters appears to be the most promising, owing to their extended performance envelope, their intrinsic reliability as well as their operational flexibility. After selecting the propulsion subsystem architecture, both platforms are sized for different mission scenarios thanks to the software MultidisciplinAry desiGN Electric Tug tOol (GEOMAGNETO), an ad-hoc developed tool for mission and system design. Eventually, main conclusions about advantages and disadvantages of both mission concepts are drawn.

GEO telecommunication satellite: new opportunities enabled by a 20kW class Hall thruster / Paissoni, Christopher A.; Rimani, Jasmine; Viola, Nicole; Andreussi, Tommaso. - ELETTRONICO. - (2019). ((Intervento presentato al convegno 70th International Astronautical Congress tenutosi a Washington.

GEO telecommunication satellite: new opportunities enabled by a 20kW class Hall thruster

Christopher A. Paissoni;Jasmine Rimani;Nicole Viola;
2019

Abstract

Nowadays, the telecommunication satellite market in geostationary orbit (GEO) is suffering of a plummeting in the order rate of new GEO satellites. Compared to the average rate of launch between 20 and 25 satellites per year of the last decade, only five orders for large communication satellites were placed in 2018. Apparently, no real solutions can be implemented in near terms to revitalize GEO market. According with the opinions of several large integrators, the new trend in the development of large constellations in lower orbits is the main cause of the customer’s uncertainties in the GEO market. At the same time, they are waiting for new, cutting-edge technologies in order to further increase GEO satellite capabilities in terms of payload size, satellite operational lifetime and performance. One of the technologies that may enhance the competitiveness of GEO telecom satellites is high power electric propulsion (HP-EP). This technology coupled with reusable platforms in the field of GEO telecom satellites can bring to two different mission concepts. The first one consists of a reusable space tug that performs GEO on-orbit services, such as orbit raising maneuvers, orbit refueling and orbit relocation. The second mission concept consists of an integrated reusable platform as GEO telecom satellite that utilizes HP-EP to perform the above mentioned on-orbit services, in addition to its nominal mission operations. The paper presents a comparison between these two concepts, in order to investigate the technical feasibility of GEO on-orbit services and to assess the corresponding new market opportunities. Among different thruster technologies, Hall thrusters appears to be the most promising, owing to their extended performance envelope, their intrinsic reliability as well as their operational flexibility. After selecting the propulsion subsystem architecture, both platforms are sized for different mission scenarios thanks to the software MultidisciplinAry desiGN Electric Tug tOol (GEOMAGNETO), an ad-hoc developed tool for mission and system design. Eventually, main conclusions about advantages and disadvantages of both mission concepts are drawn.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11583/2765912
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