Gait asymmetry is typically evaluated using spatio-temporal or joint kinematics parameters. Only a few studies addressed the problem of defining an asymmetry index directly based on muscle activity, extracting parameters from surface electromyography (sEMG) signals. Moreover, no studies used the extraction of the muscle principal activations (activations that are necessary for accomplishing a specific motor task) as the base to construct an asymmetry index, less affected by the variability of sEMG patterns. The aim of this study is to define a robust index to quantitative assess the asymmetry of muscle activations during locomotion, based on the extraction of the principal activations. SEMG signals were analyzed combining Statistical Gait Analysis (SGA) and a clustering algorithm that allows for obtaining the muscle principal activations. We evaluated the asymmetry levels of four lower limb muscles in: (1) healthy subjects of different ages (children, adults, and elderly); (2) different populations of orthopedic patients (adults with megaprosthesis of the knee after bone tumor resection, elderly subjects after total knee arthroplasty and elderly subjects after total hip arthroplasty); and (3) neurological patients (children with hemiplegic cerebral palsy and elderly subjects affected by idiopathic Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus). The asymmetry index obtained for each pathological population was then compared to that of age-matched controls. We found asymmetry levels consistent with the expected impact of the different pathologies on muscle activation during gait. This suggests that the proposed index can be successfully used in clinics for an objective assessment of the muscle activation asymmetry during locomotion.
Asymmetry index in muscle activations / Castagneri, C; Agostini, V; Rosati, S; Balestra, G; Knaflitz, M. - In: IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON NEURAL SYSTEMS AND REHABILITATION ENGINEERING. - ISSN 1534-4320. - ELETTRONICO. - (2019).
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|Titolo:||Asymmetry index in muscle activations|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2019|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TNSRE.2019.2903687|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|
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