This paper presents the results of a study aimed at investigating the potential of Compressive Sensing (CS) technologies for optical space instruments. Besides assessing the pros and cons for a wide set of proposed instrumental concepts for space applications, the study analyzed in further detail two CS-based instrument concepts, each targeting a specific application: an UV-VIS hyperspectral imager on orbiter for stellar spectro-photometry and a MIR camera for sky observation and real-time detection of Near Earth Objects (NEO). The proposed UV-VIS hyperspectral imager relies on a classical CS approach and addresses the CS reconstruction of the full image in order to implement slitless spectro-photometry of stars. The CS-based MIR camera for NEO detection instead explores a novel approach aiming at information extraction without a prior full reconstruction of the image. Besides outlining the optical design of the instruments, its key elements and a pros and cons analysis of the architecture, this paper presents the performance assessment of these instruments for typical application scenarios by means of simulated data. The results showed that, from the point of view of data reconstruction quality, a good performance can be achieved by the designed instruments in terms of compression ratio (CR) and image reconstruction. In terms of system budgets, the CS architecture offered only some marginal benefits with respect to their traditional counterparts, mainly due to the lack of a compression board. Most advantages are instead provided in terms of downlink requirements and memory buffer.

Optical compressive sensing technologies for space applications: instrumental concepts and performance analysis / Guzzi, Donatella; Coluccia, Giulio; Labate, Demetrio; Lastri, Cinzia; Magli, Enrico; Nardino, Vanni; Palombi, Lorenzo; Pippi, Ivan; Coltuc, Daniela; Barducci, Alessandro; Zuccaro Marchi, Alessandro; Raimondi, Valentina. - (2018), pp. 1-9. ((Intervento presentato al convegno 2018 International Conference on Space Optics tenutosi a Chania, Greece nel Oct. 2018.

Optical compressive sensing technologies for space applications: instrumental concepts and performance analysis

Giulio Coluccia;Enrico Magli;
2018

Abstract

This paper presents the results of a study aimed at investigating the potential of Compressive Sensing (CS) technologies for optical space instruments. Besides assessing the pros and cons for a wide set of proposed instrumental concepts for space applications, the study analyzed in further detail two CS-based instrument concepts, each targeting a specific application: an UV-VIS hyperspectral imager on orbiter for stellar spectro-photometry and a MIR camera for sky observation and real-time detection of Near Earth Objects (NEO). The proposed UV-VIS hyperspectral imager relies on a classical CS approach and addresses the CS reconstruction of the full image in order to implement slitless spectro-photometry of stars. The CS-based MIR camera for NEO detection instead explores a novel approach aiming at information extraction without a prior full reconstruction of the image. Besides outlining the optical design of the instruments, its key elements and a pros and cons analysis of the architecture, this paper presents the performance assessment of these instruments for typical application scenarios by means of simulated data. The results showed that, from the point of view of data reconstruction quality, a good performance can be achieved by the designed instruments in terms of compression ratio (CR) and image reconstruction. In terms of system budgets, the CS architecture offered only some marginal benefits with respect to their traditional counterparts, mainly due to the lack of a compression board. Most advantages are instead provided in terms of downlink requirements and memory buffer.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11583/2728247
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