We present a high-resolution digital correlation spectrum analyzer for the measurement of low frequency resistance fluctuations in graphene samples. The system exploits the cross-correlation method to reject the amplifiers' noise. The graphene sample is excited with a low-noise DC current. The output voltage is fed to two two-stage low-noise amplifiers connected in parallel; the DC signal component is filtered by a high-pass filter with a cutoff frequency of 34 mHz. The amplified signals are digitized by a two-channel synchronous ADC board; the cross-periodogram, which rejects uncorrelated amplifiers' noise components, is computed in real time. As a practical example, we measured the noise cross-spectrum of graphene samples in the frequency range from 0.153 Hz to 10 kHz, both in two- and four-wire configurations, and for different bias currents. We report here the measurement setup, the data analysis and the error sources.
|Titolo:||A correlation noise spectrometer for flicker noise measurement in graphene samples|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2019|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1088/1361-6501/aafcab|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|