Metal-ceramic nanocomposites containing nominal 15% wt. Ni were produced by a smart, scalable process involving a suitable thermal treatment of Ni-exchanged zeolite precursors, and were investigated by dc magnetic techniques between 2 and 300 K. Two main magnetic phases were detected in all studied materials: globular magnetic nanoparticles with average diameters in the 10–20 nm range, and Ni²⁺ ions embedded in the host ceramic matrix. The blocking temperature of Ni⁰ nanoparticles is well above room temperature. The magnetic signal from nanoparticles dominates at high temperature; however, a clear paramagnetic signal from Ni²⁺ ions emerges when the temperature is decreased. The magnetic moment per Ni ion is in agreement with typical values found in Ni-containing zeolites. Magnetic susceptibility and FC/ZFC curves point to the existence of a weak interaction among Ni²⁺ ions (Néel temperature TN < 15 K) which results in the formation of ferrimagnetic-like clusters below about 30 K. In each cluster, the individual magnetic moments respond in a collective way with blocking temperatures less than 5 K.
|Titolo:||Magnetic clustering of Ni2+ ions in metal-ceramic nanocomposites obtained from Ni-exchanged zeolite precursors|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2018|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.ceramint.2018.06.182|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|
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