Background. In the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis, a central role is represented by endothelial inflammation with influx of chemokine-mediated leukocytes in the vascular wall. Aim of this study was to analyze the effect of different shear stresses on endothelial gene expression and compute gene network involved in atherosclerotic disease, in particular to homeostasis, inflammatory cell migration, and apoptotic processes. Methods. HUVECs were subjected to shear stress of 1, 5, and 10 dyne/cm2 in a Flow Bioreactor for 24 hours to compare gene expression modulation. Total RNA was analyzed by Affymetrix technology and the expression of two specific genes (CXCR4 and ICAM-1) was validated by RT-PCR. To highlight possible regulations between genes and as further validation, a bioinformatics analysis was performed. Results. At low shear stress (1 dyne/cm2) we observed the following: (a) strong upregulation of CXCR4; (b) mild upregulation of Caspase-8; (c) mild downregulation of ICAM-1; (d) marked downexpression of TNFAIP3. Bioinformatics analysis showed the presence of network composed by 59 new interactors (14 transcription factors and 45 microRNAs) appearing strongly related to shear stress. Conclusions. The significant modulation of these genes at low shear stress and their close relationships through transcription factors and microRNAs suggest that all may promote an initial inflamed endothelial cell phenotype, favoring the atherosclerotic disease.
Computing of Low Shear Stress-Driven Endothelial Gene Network Involved in Early Stages of Atherosclerotic Process / Vozzi, Federico; Campolo, Jonica; Cozzi, Lorena; Politano, GIANFRANCO MICHELE MARIA; DI CARLO, Stefano; Rial, Michela; Domenici, Claudio; Parodi, Oberdan. - In: BIOMED RESEARCH INTERNATIONAL. - ISSN 2314-6133. - ELETTRONICO. - 2018:Article ID 5359830(2018), pp. 1-12.
|Titolo:||Computing of Low Shear Stress-Driven Endothelial Gene Network Involved in Early Stages of Atherosclerotic Process|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2018|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/5359830|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|