Considering the exponential increase in mobile traffic, requiring denser cellular access networks, the use of renewable energy (RE) to power base stations (BSs) may contribute to reduce the huge operational cost faced by Mobile Network Operators (MNOs) due to power supply. Furthermore, the Smart Grid (SG) paradigm is deeply changing the energy market, envisioning an active interaction between grid and customers. Hence, MNOs can combine renewable-powered BSs with properly designed energy management strategies to improve the interaction with the SG, with the twofold objective of reducing the energy bill and providing ancillary services. We propose a stochastic model to investigate a renewablepowered mobile network dynamically adapting its energy consumption to accomplish SG requests, and receiving rewards in return, by exploiting two techniques. First, Resource on Demand can dynamically switch off unneeded BSs. Second, an energy management policy takes efficient decisions about using/harvesting locally produced RE, depending on SG requests. The proposed techniques highly increase the probability of responding to ancillary service demands, up to 90%, also depending on the RE system size, with RoD raising by up to 20% the probability of accomplishing SG requests. Consequently, cost saving can become equal to the total cost or even greater, providing revenues to the MNO.
|Titolo:||Energy management and Base Station on/off switching in green mobile networks for offering Ancillary Services|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2018|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1109/TGCN.2018.2821097|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|