The ITER Toroidal Field Insert (TFI) coil is a single-layer Nb3Sn solenoid tested in 2016-2017 at the National Institutes for Quantum and Radiological Science and Technology (former JAEA) in Naka, Japan. The TFI, the last in a series of ITER insert coils, was tested in operating conditions relevant for the actual ITER TF coils, inserting it in the borehole of the Central Solenoid Model Coil, which provided the background magnetic field. In this paper, we consider the five quench propagation tests that were performed using one or two inductive heaters (IHs) as drivers; out of these, three used just one IH but increasing delay times, up to 7.5 s, between the quench detection and the TFI current dump. The results of the 4C code prediction of the quench propagation up to the current dump are presented first, based on simulations performed before the tests. We then describe the experimental results, showing good reproducibility. Finally, we compare the 4C code predictions with the measurements, confirming the 4C code capability to accurately predict the quench propagation, the evolution of total and local voltages, as well as of the hot spot temperature. To the best of our knowledge, such a predictive validation exercise is performed here for the first time for the quench of a Nb3Sn coil. Discrepancies between prediction and measurement are found in the evolution of the jacket temperatures, in the He pressurization and quench acceleration in the late phase of the transient before the dump, as well as in the early evolution of the inlet and outlet He mass flow rate. Based on the lessons learned in the predictive exercise, the model is then modified to try and improve a posteriori (i.e. in interpretive, as opposed to predictive mode) the agreement between simulation and experiment.

Prediction, experimental results and analysis of the ITER TF insert coil quench propagation tests, using the 4C code / Zanino, Roberto; Bonifetto, Roberto; Brighenti, Alberto; Isono, Takaaki; Ozeki, Hidemasa; Savoldi, Laura. - In: SUPERCONDUCTOR SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY. - ISSN 0953-2048. - STAMPA. - 31:(2018), p. 035004. [10.1088/1361-6668/aa9e6c]

Prediction, experimental results and analysis of the ITER TF insert coil quench propagation tests, using the 4C code

Zanino, Roberto;Bonifetto, Roberto;Brighenti, Alberto;Savoldi, Laura
2018

Abstract

The ITER Toroidal Field Insert (TFI) coil is a single-layer Nb3Sn solenoid tested in 2016-2017 at the National Institutes for Quantum and Radiological Science and Technology (former JAEA) in Naka, Japan. The TFI, the last in a series of ITER insert coils, was tested in operating conditions relevant for the actual ITER TF coils, inserting it in the borehole of the Central Solenoid Model Coil, which provided the background magnetic field. In this paper, we consider the five quench propagation tests that were performed using one or two inductive heaters (IHs) as drivers; out of these, three used just one IH but increasing delay times, up to 7.5 s, between the quench detection and the TFI current dump. The results of the 4C code prediction of the quench propagation up to the current dump are presented first, based on simulations performed before the tests. We then describe the experimental results, showing good reproducibility. Finally, we compare the 4C code predictions with the measurements, confirming the 4C code capability to accurately predict the quench propagation, the evolution of total and local voltages, as well as of the hot spot temperature. To the best of our knowledge, such a predictive validation exercise is performed here for the first time for the quench of a Nb3Sn coil. Discrepancies between prediction and measurement are found in the evolution of the jacket temperatures, in the He pressurization and quench acceleration in the late phase of the transient before the dump, as well as in the early evolution of the inlet and outlet He mass flow rate. Based on the lessons learned in the predictive exercise, the model is then modified to try and improve a posteriori (i.e. in interpretive, as opposed to predictive mode) the agreement between simulation and experiment.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11583/2696273
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