We study the quantum dynamics of the Bose-Hubbard model on a ladder formed by two rings coupled by the tunneling effect. By implementing the Bogoliubov approximation scheme, we prove that, despite the presence of the inter-ring coupling term, the Hamiltonian decouples in many independent sub-Hamiltonians H-k associated with momentum-mode pairs +/- k. Each sub-Hamiltonian H-k is then shown to be part of a specific dynamical algebra. The properties of the latter allow us to perform the diagonalization process, to find the energy spectrum and the conserved quantities of the model, and to derive the time evolution of important physical observables. We then apply this solution scheme to the simplest possible closed ladder, the double trimer. After observing that the excitations of the system are weakly populated vortices, we explore the corresponding dynamics by varying the initial conditions and the model parameters. Finally, we show that the inter-ring tunneling determines a spectral collapse when approaching the border of the dynamical-stability region.

Quantum dynamics of bosons in a two-ring ladder: Dynamical algebra, vortexlike excitations, and currents / Richaud, Andrea; Penna, Vittorio. - In: PHYSICAL REVIEW A. - ISSN 2469-9926. - 95:(2017). [10.1103/PhysRevA.96.013620]

Quantum dynamics of bosons in a two-ring ladder: Dynamical algebra, vortexlike excitations, and currents

RICHAUD, ANDREA;PENNA, Vittorio
2017

Abstract

We study the quantum dynamics of the Bose-Hubbard model on a ladder formed by two rings coupled by the tunneling effect. By implementing the Bogoliubov approximation scheme, we prove that, despite the presence of the inter-ring coupling term, the Hamiltonian decouples in many independent sub-Hamiltonians H-k associated with momentum-mode pairs +/- k. Each sub-Hamiltonian H-k is then shown to be part of a specific dynamical algebra. The properties of the latter allow us to perform the diagonalization process, to find the energy spectrum and the conserved quantities of the model, and to derive the time evolution of important physical observables. We then apply this solution scheme to the simplest possible closed ladder, the double trimer. After observing that the excitations of the system are weakly populated vortices, we explore the corresponding dynamics by varying the initial conditions and the model parameters. Finally, we show that the inter-ring tunneling determines a spectral collapse when approaching the border of the dynamical-stability region.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11583/2677881
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