The problem of the management of sludge resulting from the extraction and processing of ornamental stones is currently one of the key issues for the European Union and for Italy. The European Community, through Directive 2006/21/EC (Management of waste from extractive industries – Mining waste), Directive 2008/98/EC (Waste Framework) and Directive 1999/31/EC (Landfill Waste), has provided guidelines for its member countries on how to handle wastes, in view of a future sustainable development of the sector, especially as far as critical raw material (CRM) is concerned. In this context, an analysis of the procedure applied to extract and cut two similar Piedmont silicatic stones into slabs and to manage their sludge has been carried out. The ornamental stones taken into consideration are Diorite of Traversella and Perosa Stone (Dioritic gneiss). The following procedures were conducted to characterise the stones: petrographic analysis, as well as compressive strength, flexural strength, impact resistance and water absorption tests. This characterization is important to help choose the best available technique to extract and process the stones. The methodologies adopted in two different plants, according to their processed stones, are discussed hereafter. In addition, UPV and Knoop analyses were performed in order to establish the workability class of the two stones, and the classification developed in previous research works was applied. Subsequently, an analysis was conducted on the sludge resulting from the extraction and processing of blocks used for the production of slabs. A chemical analysis, a particle size analysis, a magnetic separation test, to obtain two fractions (metallic and mineral), and an SEM analysis of the two separated fractions were performed on the two sludges. This characterization was useful to understand whether the produced sludge could be recovered as by-products. The study will help stone producers to identify the best techniques for the extraction and processing of their stones, while obtaining less waste and less pollution.

Characterization of sludge resulting from the extraction and processing of natural stones. focus on a Piedmont case / Zichella, Lorena; Marini, Paola; Bellopede, Rossana. - ELETTRONICO. - SESSION XVI - Waste Valorization & Material Recovery III:(2017). ((Intervento presentato al convegno 5th International Conference on Sustainable Solid Waste Management, Athens, 21–24 June 2017 ATHENS2017 tenutosi a Atene nel 21-24 giugno 2017.

Characterization of sludge resulting from the extraction and processing of natural stones. focus on a Piedmont case

ZICHELLA, LORENA;MARINI, PAOLA;BELLOPEDE, ROSSANA
2017

Abstract

The problem of the management of sludge resulting from the extraction and processing of ornamental stones is currently one of the key issues for the European Union and for Italy. The European Community, through Directive 2006/21/EC (Management of waste from extractive industries – Mining waste), Directive 2008/98/EC (Waste Framework) and Directive 1999/31/EC (Landfill Waste), has provided guidelines for its member countries on how to handle wastes, in view of a future sustainable development of the sector, especially as far as critical raw material (CRM) is concerned. In this context, an analysis of the procedure applied to extract and cut two similar Piedmont silicatic stones into slabs and to manage their sludge has been carried out. The ornamental stones taken into consideration are Diorite of Traversella and Perosa Stone (Dioritic gneiss). The following procedures were conducted to characterise the stones: petrographic analysis, as well as compressive strength, flexural strength, impact resistance and water absorption tests. This characterization is important to help choose the best available technique to extract and process the stones. The methodologies adopted in two different plants, according to their processed stones, are discussed hereafter. In addition, UPV and Knoop analyses were performed in order to establish the workability class of the two stones, and the classification developed in previous research works was applied. Subsequently, an analysis was conducted on the sludge resulting from the extraction and processing of blocks used for the production of slabs. A chemical analysis, a particle size analysis, a magnetic separation test, to obtain two fractions (metallic and mineral), and an SEM analysis of the two separated fractions were performed on the two sludges. This characterization was useful to understand whether the produced sludge could be recovered as by-products. The study will help stone producers to identify the best techniques for the extraction and processing of their stones, while obtaining less waste and less pollution.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11583/2675425
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