Mesoporous carbon nanofibres doped with palladium nanoparticles (Pd CNFs) are synthesized by electrospinning with subsequent thermal treatment processes and used as electro-catalysts at the oxygen cathode of Li-O2 batteries. FESEM images show that the spherical Pd nanoparticles (NPs) are homogeneously dispersed on the surface of CNFs and X-ray diffraction (XRD) measurements display a fcc structure of Pd. The surface area of the nanocomposite CNFs is greatly increased with the incorporation of the metal NPs up to 600 m2 g-1 and the presence of the metal promotes graphitization of the carbon. Addition of the N-[(aminoethyl)aminopropyl]trimethoxysilane additive in the precursor solution for electrospinning allows the reduction of the Pd NPs particles size, preserving the highly mesoporous N-doped large surface area and graphitic-nitrogen groups of the carbon nanofibres. Incorporating with a Pd/CNFs catalysed cathode, the Li-O2 battery shows a very low voltage gap of 0.48 V vs. Li+/Li between the terminal discharge and charge voltages, as the recharge occurs at a potential underneath 4.0 V vs. Li+/Li for about 90 cycles at the curtailed capacity of 200 mA h g-1. The low recharge voltage can relieve parasitic reactions due to the decomposition of electrolyte and favour a longer cycle life.
|Titolo:||Electrospun Pd-doped mesoporous carbon nano fibres as catalysts for rechargeable Li-O2 batteries|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2016|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1039/c6ra09721a|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|
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