The dramatic increase in the number and sensing capabilities of mobile devices is fostering opportunistic sensing as a paramount data collection paradigm in smart cities. According to this paradigm, sensing of large-scale phenomena is autonomously performed by mobile devices. The collected data is then transferred to a central controller, and processed so as to obtain a representation of the phenomenon. In this paper, we investigate the factors that impact the accuracy of mobile opportunistic sensing. Specifically, by drawing on random matrix theory, we characterize the accuracy of a phenomenon representation obtained from samples collected by mobile devices and processed through the popular LMMSE filter. Our analytical expressions capture the fundamental relationships existing between the accuracy and the parameters of mobile opportunistic sensing. We apply our analytical results to a realistic scenario where atmospheric pollution samples are collected by vehicular and pedestrian users. We validate the proposed analytical framework, and then exploit the model to investigate the impact on mobile sensing accuracy of a number of parameters. These include the pedestrian and vehicle density, the participation ratio to the sensing application, the type of phenomenon to be sensed, and the level of noise and position errors affecting the collected samples.
|Titolo:||Driving Factors Toward Accurate Mobile Opportunistic Sensing in Urban Environments|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2016|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1109/TMC.2015.2499197|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|
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